2030 WRG in the News
News Source: United News India
Bengaluru, May 23 (UNI) In what promises to offer huge potential in ensuring judicious use of water in agriculture and its supply to urban areas, the Karnataka government and 2030 World Resources Group (WRG) today launched a ‘Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) for Water’ with representation from public, private sectors and civil society.
The Karnataka government signed the MoU today with the global body that has a mandate to protect world’s water resources as a shared responsibility and to drive large-scale transformation in water resources management.
The initiatives proposed and driven by the government MSP-Water will adopt long-term perspectives to water resources management and highlight the leadership of Karnataka in addressing pressing water issues, which will be done through public private community partnership models.
Speaking at the meeting after signing the MoU, State Water Resources Principal Secretary Rakesh Singh said Karnataka was among the country’s most water stressed States, as 26 per cent of its groundwater is over-exploited and 54 per cent of geographical area is drought-prone.
This partnership can address the issues of sustainability, equity and efficiency. ”By working with neutral catalysts such as 2030 WRG, we are working on many innovative themes of partnership models, financial mechanisms and circular economy solutions,” he said.
The key focus of this partnership is to address innovative financing and implementation models to promote drip irrigation for sugarcane farmers, in collaboration with sugar mills, financial institutions, the farming community and the government.
More than 10 lakh hectares of land is under sugarcane cultivation in Karnataka, the third highest producer of cane after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. Out of this 3 lakh hectares comes under canal irrigation.
The MoU also envisages market linkages between the farming community and agri-business companies to promote water-efficient cultivation practices along a Drip-to-Market Agro Corridor (DMAC, including Ramthal MIS project in Karnataka.
It also focuses on reuse of treated urban wastewater, through a policy framework and the establishment of a Resource centre.
News Source: Deccan Chronicle
BENGALURU: To improve existing irrigation methods and agricultural productivity in the state, state government in association with 2030 Water Resources Group have come up with the idea of ‘Multi Stakeholder Platform for Water’.
On Monday a steering committee was launched with stakeholders from the public and private sector, the civil society, the industrial sector and academia with an intention to make transformations to the existing water management systems.
“This is an initiative to find a new approach to improve existing irrigation methods and agricultural productivity in the state. The 2030 WRG has provided a platform for all units of the Water Resources Department to work together on the agrarian crisis that Karnataka faces,” said Gurupad Swamy, Secretary, Water Resources department.
He added that one of the key aspects of this project is to get farmers to switch from flow irrigation to drip irrigation.
Rakesh Singh, principal secretary of water resources department said, “Karnataka is among India’s most water stressed states as over 26 per cent of its groundwater is overexploited. Two largest economically most important river basins-Krishna and Cauvery have reached the point at which water demand exceeds supply. This indicates that the state needs to adopt better water management practices.” “The Government is the lead partner in this project.”
News Source: Deccan Herald
Karnataka’s urban water demand and supply gap is set to widen from 24% (2011) to 58% in 2030, according to 2030 Water Resources Group, a unique public-private-civil society collaboration.
To address this growing gap between demand and supply, the state government and 2030 WRG launched the “Karnataka multi-stakeholder platform for water” on Tuesday.
The partnership aims to transform water resources management by mobilising funds through financial institutions and identification of innovative demand-side management solutions.
“The need of the hour is for corporates to partner with farmers to create a supply chain model that helps in the economic empowerment of the farmers. When the government also partners in this model, the implementation will be more effective,” said Bastiaan Mohrmann, Co-Lead, Asia and Middle East, 2030WRG.
First in India
This is the first multi-stakeholder platform for water in India. Similar models will be replicated in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. “Karnataka is among India’s most water-stressed states. Nearly 26% of its groundwater area is over-exploited. Moreover, 54% of the geographical area is drought-prone. Unfortunately, the two largest and economically most important river basins — the Krishna and the Cauvery — have both reached a point where demand exceeds supply,’’ Rakesh Singh, Principal Secretary, Water Resources Department, said stressing the need for better water management
April 26, 2017 – The Business Engagement Forum was held on Tuesday (April 25) in Brasilia, and brought together experts and companies from different sectors to discuss a key theme: the efficient management of water resources in a context of scarcity. The discussants presented a series of experiences that have been developed for this purpose, but they were unanimous in pointing out that a greater integration between civil society, governments and private sector is needed so that the actions already under way are improved, scalable and serve as a basis for new solutions.
The event, which attracted about 110 people to the Ulysses Guimarães Convention Center, was an initiative of the 8th World Water Forum, held by the Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development (CEBDS) with the sponsorship of Braskem and Coca-Cola.
[Portuguese below] Setor empresarial aponta integração de ações como saída para crise hídrica
O Fórum Água de Engajamento Empresarial foi realizado nesta terça-feira (25/04), em Brasília (DF), e reuniu especialistas e empresas de diferentes setores para discutir um tema-chave: a gestão eficiente dos recursos hídricos em um cenário de escassez. Os debatedores trouxeram uma série de experiências que vem sendo desenvolvidas com este propósito, mas foram unânimes em apontar que é preciso uma maior integração entre sociedade civil, governos e iniciativa privada para que as ações já em curso sejam aprimoradas, ganhem escala e sirvam de base para a criação de novas soluções.
O evento, que atraiu cerca de 110 pessoas ao Centro de Convenções Ulysses Guimarães, foi uma iniciativa do Grupo Focal de Sustentabilidade do 8º Fórum Mundial da Água, realizada pelo Conselho Empresarial Brasileiro para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável (CEBDS) com patrocínio da Braskem e Coca-Cola.
News Source: The Financial Express
Speakers at a workshop on Wednesday emphasised the need for installing full functional effluent treatment plants (ETPs) in the economic zones of the country before industrial plants go into production.
They also said the concept of green economic zones will help attract more foreign direct investment in many sectors.
The speakers came up with the views at the workshop titled ‘Central Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) for Economic Zones (EZs) in Bangladesh’ jointly organised by Bangladesh Economic Zones Authority (BEZA), 2030 Water Resources Group (WRG) and German development organisation GIZ at a city hotel.
Prime Minister’s Office Chief Coordinator (SDGs) Abul Kalam Azad attended the programme as chief guest. Presided over by BEZA Executive Chairman Paban Chowdhury, the workshop was also addressed by Water Resources Ministry Senior Secretary Dr Zafar Ahmed Khan, Ministry of Environment & Forests Secretary Istiaque Ahmad and 2030 WRG Asia Region Co-Head Bastiaan Mohrmann.
Terming Bangladesh as the most vulnerable country in terms of environment, Mr Azad said the government has taken the plan to establish 100 EZs across the country by 2030 where strict maintenance of CETPs is a must to protect the environment.
He said 80 per cent of waste water produced worldwide is discharged without treatment while the rate in Bangladesh is around 99.90 per cent.
However, he said there is a scarcity of human resources in the country for effluent and sludge management both in public and private sectors.
Despite having significant potential in producing electricity from sludge management, the country has not yet got any success in this regard, Mr Azad added.
BEZA Chairman Paban Chowdhury said untreated effluents harm not only surface water but also ground water in the long run affecting reserve of fresh drinking water.
Mentioning BEZA’s commitment to protect the environment for sustainable development of the country, he said CETPs in the EZs are considered a viable wastewater treatment solution for industries of all sizes and scales.
BEZA has already selected around 36,000 acres of land to establish EZs till now which will reach around 75,000 acres finally, he added.
A memorandum of understanding (MOU) was signed among BEZA 2030 WRG and GIZ to initiate a technical and knowledge-based partnership to facilitate establishment of CETPs in the under-construction EZs in the country.FE News Coverage Workshop on CETP 19 April 2017.
NEWS SOURCE: The Daily Star
BSS, Davos, Switzerland.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday said her government was highly committed to ensuring compliance with regard to the readymade garment (RMG) industry.
“The contribution of the apparel and textile industry to our economy is immense. We are highly committed to ensure compliance with regard to labour rights, workplace safety and environmental standard in the industry,” she said.
The PM was replying to questions at a workshop titled “Shaping a New Water Economy” at the 47th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum at Congress Centre here.
Hasina said Bangladesh’s RMG industry achieved higher compliance standards in terms of wages, workplace safety, norms, practices and harmonious industrial relations.
“There has been a 77 percent increase in basic wage.
Assessment of all the 3,780 factories as recommended by global brands and retailers has been completed,” she added.
Andrew Steer, president and CEO of World Research Institute, moderated the workshop attended by heads of state and government of different countries.
The PM said Bangladesh is the second largest apparel and textile exporting country in the world. The sector employs 4.5 million workers, of which 80 percent are women. The industry accounts for 83 percent of the country’s total exports.
“We are supporting the industry to ‘go green’. Today, Bangladesh has 38 LEED certified factories. Out of the world’s top 10 green factories, seven are in Bangladesh,” she pointed out.
The premier said since 2015, the Bangladesh government has been working with 2030 Water Resources Group (WRG) to achieve 100 percent wastewater treatment and increase water use efficiency as per international benchmarks in the country’s apparel sector.
PM JOINS WEF MEETING
World leaders, including Sheikh Hasina, gathered in Davos as the 47th Annual Meeting of the WEF kicked off yesterday.
The four-day meeting began at Congress Centre in Davos under the theme “Responsive and Responsible Leadership”.
President Xi Jinping of China opened the proceedings of the meeting. Hasina along with other heads of government and state joined the opening plenary and other events of the meeting.
Heads of state and government of 45 countries joined the meeting which began with a welcome address by WEF founder Klaus Schwab and felicitation of celebrity singer Shakira, among others, for her work towards promoting education.
On the sidelines of the forum, Hasina had informal interaction with the Chinese and Swiss presidents yesterday.
The WEF is a Swiss non-profit foundation, based in Cologne, Geneva. Its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas”.
News Source: The Financial Express
HONORABLE PRIME MINISTER SHEIKH HASINA AFFIRMS HER COMMITMENT TO 2030 WRG’S BANGLADESH PROGRAM AT THE WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM 2017 IN DAVOS, SWITZERLAND
DAVOS (Switzerland), Jan 17 (BSS): Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said on Tuesday her government was highly committed to ensuring compliance in the readymade garment (RMG) sector, reports BSS.
“The contribution of apparel and textile industry to our economy is immense. We are highly committed to ensure compliance with regard to labour rights, workplace safety and environmental standard in the industry,” she said. The premier also said Bangladesh’s readymade garment sector achieved higher compliance standards in terms of wages, workplace safety, norms, practices and harmonious industrial relations. “There has been a 77% increase in basic wage. Assessment of all the 3780 factories as recommended by global brands and retailers has been completed,” she said.
The Prime Minister was replying to questions at the workshop on “Shaping a New Water Economy” in the 47th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum at Congress Centre here. President and CEO of World Research Institute Andrew Steer moderated the workshop attended by heads of state and government of different countries participating in the WEF. Sheikh Hasina said Bangladesh is the second largest apparel and textile exporting country in the world. “The sector employs 4.5 million workers, of which 80 per cent are women. The industry accounts for 83% of our total exports,” she said. The premier said the factories were now working hand-in-hand with global brands and retailers to ensure international standards. Every factory had an Occupational Safety Committee where employers and workers were working together, she said.
“We are supporting the industry to ‘go green’. Today, Bangladesh has LEED certified 38 factories. Out of the world’s top 10 ranked green factories, 7 are in Bangladesh.” The Prime Minister said since 2015, Bangladesh Government had been working with 2030 Water Resources Group (WRG), more specifically, to achieve 100% wastewater treatment and increase water use efficiency as per international benchmarks in the apparel sector. She said, “Our work with 2030 WRG” is focusing on the following areas:
- Mobilising and facilitating large-scale finance for wastewater treatment infrastructure;
- Enhancing fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for wastewater treatment, recycling and efficient use;
- Establishing a valuation methodology for water use across Bangladesh;
- Improving institutional setup for water resources management,
- Increasing private sector and civil society participation in water governance.
As a member of the High-Level Panel on Water, she said, she was committed to innovating frameworks like 2030 WRG.
UNB adds, earlier the Prime Minister along with other global leaders gathered here on Tuesday as the 47th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) began.
The four-day meeting began at Congress Centre in Davos, a mountain resort at Graubünden in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland, under the theme ‘Responsive and Responsible Leadership’. On the sidelines of the forum, Sheikh Hasina had also informal interaction with Chinese President Xi Jinping and Swiss President Doris Leuthard. The Chinese President, who was accompanied by the largest delegation of his country since its first participation in an annual meeting in 1979, opened the meeting proceedings. In his speech, the Chinese President said economic globalisation powered worldwide growth and it should not be blamed for the world’s problems. In an attack on the anti-globalisation rhetoric that has led to the election of Donald Trump as the US President and the Brexit vote in the UK, he told a packed audience: “It’s true that economic globalisation created new problems but there’s no justification to write off economic globalisation altogether. Rather we should adapt to and guide economic globalisation, cushion its negative impacts and deliver its benefits for all countries.”
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina joined the opening plenary and other events of the meeting along with other heads of government and state. Before the opening plenary of the World Economic Forum, WEF Executive Chairman Prof Klaus Schwann called on Sheikh Hasina.
From Policy to Practice
Principles of Water Governance
The Mihir Shah Committee report lays a solid foundation for restructuring water governance in India. Yet, a few supplementary provisions could reinforce the report’s recommendations, nudging the effort towards improved water resources management.
Water in India is governed as a public good, with evolving yet disjointed awareness of its environmental, social and economic underpinnings. However, effective management of this limited resource requires a nexus approach to governance, which integrates the cause and effect of water on the environment, society and the economy. This necessitates a shift towards hydrological systems thinking and multi-stakeholder approaches. Furthermore, such approaches should be premised on data, knowledge, and information systems, which prioritize economic decision-making, currently missing in the water governance architecture of the country.
The recently submitted report of the Committee on Restructuring the Central Water Commission (CWC) and Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) proposes many critical reforms to water governance, particularly on the environmental and social axes of the trinity approach. When coupled with economic prioritization to focus on interventions with the highest benefit-to-cost ratio, particularly in view of fiscal constraints, the newly proposed National Water Commission (NWC) could well deliver on the “paradigm shift” articulated in the Twelfth Five Year Plan (Planning Commission 2012).
Logic of Hydro-logical Thinking
The first step to reform is understanding the challenge, in this case, the hydrological context. The 2030 Water Resources Group (2009) projects a 50% gap between water demand and water supply in India by 2030, amounting to over 755 billion cubic meters (Water Resources Group 2009). With constraints to further supply-side augmentation because of over-abstraction and overuse of water in multiple geographies, demand-side management plays a crucial role in closing this gap.
While accounting for the realities of political and administrative boundaries, there is a need for a greater focus on hydrological and agro-ecological scales to prioritize demand-side management, covering the continuum from sub-watersheds to river basins. The interconnectedness of surface and groundwater systems, on account of the hydrologic cycle, suggests developing integrated, as opposed to fragmented, surface and groundwater emphases. With detailed hydrological mapping, sufficient granularity may be established to cover the aggregation and disaggregation of scales from village-level micro-watersheds to multistate river basins. In other words, the starting point of water governance is a better understanding of water itself.
From Awareness to Strategy Formulation
The hydrological lens of water governance can develop into an operational system when supplemented with the tools of scientific data and analysis. Equipped with these systems, relevant stakeholders can undertake actions needed to counter water scarcity and pollution.
Nonetheless, data availability in India is currently fragmented, scattered across multiple agencies, and inadequate for sound decision-making. Moreover, data gaps exist, in particular, on the interconnectivity of rainwater, surface water, and groundwater, land use, environmental flows, ecosystems, socio-economic parameters, and demographics at the watershed level. Where available, the data is often not accessible.
To foster coordinated action for better demand-side management, ease of data access by all stakeholders is vital, covering real-time data sets, remote sensing technologies, and geographic information systems (GIS), in addition to historical data and projections on water availability and quality. Over and above raw data availability, data points require analysis to feed into information systems, which in turn foster knowledge systems for action at scale. The linkages between data, information, and knowledge systems, encapsulated in user-friendly interfaces, can form the basis for the development of response strategies.
Transparency of Water Flows: Multi-stakeholder Approaches
Data transparency lends itself to collaborative approaches, as also good governance. Governance structures uphold not only transparent mechanisms, but also inclusiveness, equity and accountability.
In view of multiple stakeholders influencing and affected by water flows, spanning farmers, urban communities, industry and government, any governance framework ought to supplement government structures with inclusive and transparent stakeholder processes for joint decision-making to achieve intended objectives. Thus, hydrological mapping and data sharing should be complemented with the establishment of stakeholder councils, and with balanced participation across stakeholder groups. Such councils offer a mechanism for protection of water resources by resolving conflicts between stakeholder groups, and developing a shared vision for the use of water resources to support economic growth, social development and environmental protection. Participatory approaches may be initiated for each river basin at a minimum, ideally with higher coverage for bigger river basins along key tributaries.
The Committee on Restructuring CWC and CGWB’s report suggests some essential reforms in the water governance framework of the country. Calling for participatory water governance, including aquifer-based approaches, the report rightly centers the restructuring on hydrological lines, proposing that the twin entities be transformed into a new NWC, covering both groundwater and surface water issues.
The NWC’s suggested multidisciplinary approach provides much-needed focus on water challenges outside those currently analyzed by the CWC and CGWB, but which have important implications for water sustainability, such as water quality, urban and industrial water management, and river basin management, among others. It is only through a unified, cross-sectoral approach that aquifer-based governance can offer successful mechanisms for countering groundwater depletion, and for maintaining surface water flows, and water quality. The proposal to establish a knowledge network to guide the NWC’s activities says the necessary apparatus must bring in thought leaders from relevant global and national organizations. This, combined with an ongoing capacity building initiative, promises to mainstream innovation in the DNA of the NWC.
Additionally, the recommendation for data-driven approaches lies at the core of participatory governance, whereby stakeholders are provided the scientific ammunition to assess local water issues for informed decision-making.
While the report lays a solid foundation for restructuring water governance in India, which merit inclusion by the government, a few supplementary pillars can reinforce the recommendations to shift the proverbial needle towards improved water resources management, as outlined below.
Watershed Vision and Planning
A primary step in this direction is the development of watershed vision documents, which highlight key goals for each watershed, prioritizing socio-economic development alongside ecological protection, which is often overlooked in water resources planning. For meaningful transformation, watersheds could be defined at the tributary scale for large river basins, such as the Ramganga and Hindon, or at a minimum of 1,00,000 hectares to promote strategic solutions thinking.
In addition to inputs from the NWC, the development of such watershed visions could crowdsource information from stakeholder councils or platforms, supported by NwC. Stakeholder involvement from the start simplifies the alignment of interests and initiation of actions.
Economic and Integrated Decision-making
Another important pillar of water governance relates to ensuring economically sound and cost-effective solutions. Hydro-economic analysis integrates the costs, benefits, and risks of various solutions, aimed at enhancing the economic productivity of water. Such analyses provide a common language for decision-makers to choose between policy choices and competing investments. For example, 80% of the projected water gap in 2030 can be closed by low-cost agricultural measures, including no-till farming, crop protection technologies, and reducing over-irrigation, among others. These measures obviate the need for expensive, supply-side interventions, such as the construction of dams, interlinking of rivers, and lift irrigation schemes, providing a net surplus both hydrologically and fiscally.
Hydro-economics is most effective in the analysis of opportunity costs. Circular economy solutions, such as recycling and reuse of water, emerge as favored solutions over freshwater abstraction, when economic feasibility is incorporated into hydrological assessments. In particular, integrated decision-making allows for an analysis of synergies and trade-offs between water, agriculture, energy, environment and livelihoods. Accounting for this nexus ensures the economy adopts a sustainable development pathway—socially, economically, and environmentally.
Technological improvements for water use efficiency and waste water management may serve as vehicles to accelerate economically effective transformation.
Governance reform needs to keep pace with technological advancements in agricultural, urban, and industrial water management. The NWC should institute an research and development (R&D) wing, which promotes technology acceleration across sectors in partnership with universities and research organizations. This wing could also work towards necessary financing solutions to promote technology use, mobilizing financial markets funds to supplement government subsidies where a business case for such funding exists. This would be particularly relevant in agriculture, where technology use leads to higher incomes through productivity increase, driving economic growth with water efficiency.
A related aspect links to agricultural market linkages, whereby partnerships with agribusiness companies are established to mitigate growing supply chain risks and reduce the indirect water footprint of agribusiness companies. Public-private-community partnerships are the cornerstone of programs such as Public Private Partnerships for Integrated Agricultural/Horticultural Development (PPP-IAD/PPP-IHD), promoted by the governments of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh, among others. Such partnership models provide economic benefits to farmers and supply chain actors, and ensure sustainability of interventions, including effective utilization of the irrigation infrastructure created.
In addition to collaboration across communities and agribusiness companies, partnerships such as these demand cross-departmental government coordination, with the involvement of entities to do with water resources, agriculture, horticulture, rural development, and finance, among others. Early alignment with other departments will integrate the water dimension within agricultural demand-side management, with better upstream linkages to irrigation infrastructure and downstream linkages to markets, providing income enhancement opportunities for farmers. Considering 80% of freshwater is used for agricultural purposes in India, there is a need for systems thinking in the sector for water-efficient growth.
Urban and Industrial Water Business Models
Urban water management suffers from inadequate infrastructure. A staggering 78% of waste water is estimated to be untreated nationally (Center for Science and Environment 2016). Where such infrastructure exists, there is poor operations and maintenance, negating the effect of millions of rupees spent on infrastructure creation.
The proposed NWC Urban and Industrial Water Division could serve as an incubation cell for business models and revenue-generating opportunities, particularly for waste water treatment and reuse, evaluating the financial viability of reuse, proximity of reuse from the point of treatment, as also closed loop models, thereby promoting energy efficiency and nutrient recovery.
With the articulation of policy reform and institutional mechanisms, the crucial next step is supporting the implementation of solutions at scale. Effective implementation requires a combination of, first, behavior change by millions of individual households and farmers, as also industrial players, through decentralized solutions, and second, catalysts to enable such change.
The differentiating factor of catalysts is their transformative agenda, vision, and neutrality. Such development partners are a category distinct from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and often support partnerships across multiple community organizations to implement solutions. The NWC’s partnerships framework would benefit from including international and national catalysts to facilitate scalable solutions.
Effective implementation equally warrants a dedicated financial institution to support large-scale demand-side management and innovative financing—a “National Bank for Water Management,” a National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)-equivalent entity, exclusively mandated to support solutions for water sector transformation. The NWC proposal could brainstorm the creation of such an institution to prioritize water sector financing.
Adapting to (Climate) Change
The World Economic Forum’s Global Risk Report (2016) lists failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation as the most significant risk by impact. The effects of climate change are increasingly recognized through its associated risks of financial, material, and ecological losses. A seminal World Bank report highlights the centrality of water to climate challenge, arguing that, “Achieving nearly every one of the SDGs [sustainable development goals] is dependent on solving the water problem” (World Bank 2016).
Ignoring climate challenge can undermine water sector investments and existing capacities. Addressing the challenge, on the other hand, requires a multi-pronged approach, which goes beyond forecasting climate change events to preparing the agrarian, urban, and industrial economies, as well as ecological functions, to respond to such events. It is estimated that 65% of projected climate change losses may be averted through cost-effective adaptation investments (ECA 2009).
In light of these issues, the NWC’s proposed Water Security Division would benefit from an expansion in role to cover Climate Adaptation. Commencing with vulnerability assessments and scenario modelling, the division’s responsibilities require surpassing such initial analyses to cover the design of effective policies and incentives for long-term climate change-oriented actions, channelization of capital flows to climate-resilient infrastructure, and formulation of appropriate responses to climate events. Although response strategies usually lean towards built or grey infrastructure, there is a growing body of work that highlights the benefits of nature-based solutions, providing ecosystem services along with safeguarding environmental systems.
The above arsenal of information and knowledge systems, including climate adaptation tools, together with effective communications instruments, offer the dual advantage of prioritizing action, while providing a framework for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) through standardized metrics. Water governance, thus warrants ongoing M&E for assessing the success of interventions and undertaking corrective measures in case of shortfalls. A gradual move from outputs or rupee-based monitoring towards cubic meters- and impacts-based monitoring is indispensable for the effective design of solutions.
The alignment of science, stakeholders, and economics for governing a country’s water resources is a continuous process. A successful governance blueprint is one that provides the right foundation, along with the flexibility to adapt to changing priorities. This requires a delicate balance of combining top-down policy with bottom-up practice, institutional structures with stakeholder processes, and robust planning with course correction.
Navigating the arc from vision to action starts with recognizing the need for change. And this is where the proposed restructuring of water governance in India provides a welcome opening.
Center for Science and Environment (2016): Down to Earth.
ECA (2009): “Shaping Climate-resilient Development: A Framework for Decision-making.”
Planning Commission (2012): “Faster, More Inclusive and Sustainable Growth,” Vol 1, Twelfth Five Year Plan; http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/12thplan/welcome.html.
Water Resources Group (2009): Charting Our Water Future, 2030.
World Bank (2016): “High and Dry: Climate Change, Water, and the Economy.”
NEWS SOURCE: The Guardian Tanzania
Dar es Salaam, 22 November 2016 — The annual 2030 WRG Tanzania Partnership meeting, held last week, closed with calls for increased partnership and innovative financing to propel Tanzania’s water-smart future. Sponsored by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation and supported by the 2030 WRG Tanzania Partnership, the meeting convened over 100 stakeholders from the public sector, private sector and civil society to discuss ways to collectively strengthen water resource management throughout the country.
Although Tanzania is not classified as a water stressed country, high rainfall variability regularly plunges some regions, central to the country’s economy, into severe seasonal drought. Increased demand on existing resources is further exacerbated by inefficient and rapid irrigation in addition to climate change.
The Ruaha River, for example, is drying up. More water than needed is abstracted, only 20 per cent of which is productive. Meanwhile, water sources in the Pangani Water Basin are already limited on per capita basis and future pressures are growing due to increased demand from commercial and urban water users.
In the face of these challenges, the government has been working to deliver a comprehensive water sector development strategy geared towards national objectives. Increased efficient workflows are helping utilities to better ensure sustainable water supply and sanitation, while more defined responsibilities within the Ministry of Water and waste water companies are driving enhancements. Newly established monitoring and advice mechanisms are further improving water quality and economically sound management practices.
Speaking about the country’s water resource management efforts, Eng Isack Kamwelwe, Deputy Minister for Water and Irrigation, praised 2030 WRG Tanzania partnerships related to the river basins of Pangani and Great Ruaha together with support for financing efficient irrigation for small-scale farmers. He stated: “Water is a crucial resource with great implications for socio-economic development. This partnership can play a major role in bringing positive results for water resource management.”
He especially commended the participation of private sector representatives in the partnership meeting and observed: “This shows how committed businesses are to join hands with the government, development partners and civil society to tackle water challenges facing the private sector and the nation at large.” Meeting participants discussed best practice and local success stories such as that of Serengeti Breweries and Olam’s Aviv Tanzania Coffee Plantation supported by partners such as Water Witness International and the Alliance for Water Stewardship.
Jane Joseph, an independent water resource management consultant, explained how civil society organisations are working with Serengeti Breweries to promote water stewardship standards through certification process supported by the partnership. She explained: “Serengeti Breweries have strong plans to reduce water usage in their processing systems. They have worked with Shahidiya Maji and Water Witness International to develop partnerships with other water users around their plants, especially in relation to groundwater challenges.”
The government is working with the public-private-civil society 2030 Water Resources Group Tanzania Partnership and the International Water Stewardship Programme to develop financing instruments for water-efficient smallholder agriculture in an effort to create funding for research, pilots and feasibility studies and promote international best practices from irrigation financing schemes.
Lucy Magembe, senior policy advisor at The Nature Conservancy civil society organisation, underlined the importance of having resources to tackle the water stress affecting both urban and rural areas: “We have to think about sustainable finance for water resource management. Smart finance mechanisms are key to funding initiatives for tackling water insecurity, supply challenges, growing demand and environmental degradation.”
Two new partnerships launched earlier this year—the Joint Great Ruaha Restoration Campaign and The Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform—are further expected to contribute valuable solutions to the country’s water challenges in their respective regions.
The 2030 Water Resources Group is a global public-privatecivil society partnership with the goal to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030.The 2030 WRG was invited in 2013 by the government of Tanzania to help strengthen water resource management through the development of a solution-oriented multistakeholder partnership. The Ministry of Water is driving the initiative along with senior members of the private sector and civil society. Global partners include bilateral agencies (such as Sida), private companies (including Nestlé, PepsiCo, Coca-Cola and SABMiller), development banks (such as the International Finance Corporation and the World Bank), international non-governmental organisations and income generation projects. The 2030 WRG was launched in 2008 at the World Economic Forum and has been hosted by IFC since 2012.
Posted Tuesday, October 4 2016
Continued growth and investment in our country’s largest urban centres is placing an increasing strain on water and wastewater systems.
For example, water supply in Nairobi today is estimated to be 20 percent below total demand. If current trends continue, this deficit is expected to be more than 60 percent by 2035.
This supply-demand gap is driven in large part by population growth, but also by a rapidly growing demand for water for industry, which comprises more than one-fifth national gross domestic product.
In addition, pollution, flooding and wider land use practices in the surrounding catchment further strain the availability of existing clean water supply. Water is a critical input for industry.
In the beverage sector, for every litre of soda produced 2.5 litres of water is needed.
Meanwhile, coffee production requires 200 litres per kilogram of coffee processed. As Kenya aims to develop industry further by creating a competitive manufacturing sector, clean water resources will be needed to help it flourish.
As industrial water use is expected to rise by 125 percent between 2014 and 2030 alone, a collaborative approach is imperative to finding long-term sustainable solutions.
Companies across the world are realising that incorporating sustainable solutions into their business plans is not only socially responsible, but could also have financial benefits.
By addressing environmental and social issues companies can achieve better growth and cost savings; improve their brand and reputation; strengthen stakeholder relations, and boost their bottom lines.
Motivated by the aforementioned realities, local public, private and civil society organizations are joining forces in a new partnership-the Kenya Industrial Water Alliance (KIWA).
Spearheaded by the Kenya Association of Manufacturers and the Water Resources Management Authority, and supported jointly by the International Water Stewardship Programme and the Kenya 2030 Water Resources Group, KIWA provides an action-oriented platform for stakeholders to plan, design and implement activities that will increase water security in Kenya and initially in the Nairobi sub-catchment.
Nairobi’s water management success will be largely based on preserving existing resources. Of over 3,500 “known” boreholes located in Nairobi County less than half have abstraction permits, two-thirds are unmetered, and four in five users do not pay for water. Moving forward, improved regulation and monitoring of ground water abstraction, in addition to proper management of existing data will be essential to effective and sustainable management of the city’s available water resources.
Audits, for example, have shown that Kenyan manufacturers have an opportunity to reduce water use by 20 to 30 percent on average through cost-effective interventions.
We are carrying this out at subsidized rates and we have done ten pilot audits so far in the manufacturing sector.
The writer is CEO of Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and also chair of the Kenya Industrial Water Alliance (KIWA).