The Tanzania 2030 WRG program was officially launched in October 2013. A preliminary hydro-economic analysis commissioned by the 2030 WRG showed that cooperation across all sectors would be required if the country is to make sufficient water available to meet the demands of a growing population and an ambitious development agenda. A sufficient and reliable supply of water is a necessary precondition to expand the manufacturing sector, increase hydropower generation, and intensify agricultural production in line with the nation’s goal of achieving middle-income status by 2025.
The analysis laid out the business case for sustainable water resources management (WRM) and identified opportunities for engagement across the public and private sectors. It highlighted the most critical water resources challenges, identified the links between economic performance and water availability, and clarified existing and future constraints that would need to be overcome. As a result, the 2030 WRG aligned its efforts behind three priority thematic areas: (i) water-use efficiency, (ii) water sources protection, and (iii) cross-sectoral collaboration.
The 2030 WRG has since founded three multi-stakeholder partnerships – one national-level platform and two geographic-focused initiatives – to bring water users, policy-makers, and businesses together to address their shared water challenges: the National Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP), the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform, and the Great Ruaha Restoration Campaign, respectively.
The platform is the outcome of sustained collaboration between the 2030 WRG and the Ministry of Water to bridge the coordination gap between the various authorities engaged in WRM. It fosters collaboration for the development of a more efficient and sustainable WRM sub-sector and works to unlockopportunities for expanding business and improving local livelihoods through strengthened engagement with the private sector.
In 2018, the 2030 WRG supported the Ministry of Water to convene its second meeting, bringing together over 80 participants from a mix of public, private, and civil society organizations, to chart a path toward the development of water-smart infrastructure to support sustainable growth in Tanzania.
Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform (KWSP)
The KWSP is a partnership platform for the co-development, coordination, and implementation of joint catchment management solutions.
The KWSP and partners carried out various catchment conservation initiatives including tree planting to restore clear-cut riparian areas, reconstruction of irrigation canals and community management of water, and the identification and registration of riparian land to enable legal protection of water sources from encroachment.
The KWSP, together with the International Water Stewardship Program and the local Water Users Association under the Catchment Management and Restoration Workgroup of the KWSP, supported the Pangani Basin Water Board (BWB) to carry out an inventory of water permits. They found that 62% of water abstractions in the area were illegal. Over the course of the inventory exercise, the Pangani BWB collected a total of TZS 10.3 million (US$ 4.6K) in outstanding fees – a much needed first step to break out of a cycle of non-payment and underfunding that prevents it from carrying out its mandated functions.
In cooperation with TAHA and Rikolto, the KWSP carried out an assessment of existing irrigation financing products and technology solutions to develop an investment case for increased financing by commercial lenders for farmer groups within the catchment – smallholder, emerging, and commercial farmers, individual and cluster/co-ops. The findings will feed into the development of a dedicated irrigation financing facility for smallholder farmers.
Great Ruaha Restoration Campaign (GRRC)
The GRRC is a partnership-facilitation mechanism that brings together public, private, and civil society actors to address the water crisis in the Great Ruaha. The GRRC worked closely with government counterparts on the downscaling of the basin Integrated WRM Development Plan to scale priorities and activities down to the catchment level. Based on these priorities, the campaign developed and endorsed a concept note to take the partnership forward.
Irrigation financing facility – a joint KWSP and GRRC initiative
The KWSP and GRRC, together with the Financial Sector Deepening Trust, Tanzania Agricultural Development Bank, and the Private Agricultural Sectoral Support are developing a project that would generate a pipeline of irrigation projects in Tanzania, targeting the commercial, smallholder, and emerging farmer segments. Once its full ambition is realized, the initiative will see a substantial increase in smallholder farmers’ access to irrigation solutions. This will be achieved by firstly, identifying and incubating qualifying irrigation projects, so that they are ready for financing by the public and private sector; and second, improving stakeholder coordination in smallholder agricultural value chains that are inhibited by high transactional costs.
Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform, Tanzania Project Officer Richard Johannes
The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) is a public, private, civil society multi-donor trust fund hosted by the World Bank Group. We support stakeholders in collective decision making, and in co-designing out-of-the-box solutions that promote strong socio-economic development across all sectors connected to water.