Vietnam: Hydro-Economic Framework for Assessing Water Sector Challenges

Hydro-Economic Framework for Assessing Water Sector ChallengesVietnam is experiencing increasing variability in water availability across regions and seasons. Mitigating the impacts of such changes requires a thorough assessment of the water challenges and the design of multi-stakeholder solutions, grounded in sound analytics.

This analysis provides a high-level assessment of Vietnam’s water sector, aimed at assessing the water demand-supply gap, mapping ongoing stakeholder initiatives, and identifying key private sector-driven solutions for priority areas. This report aims to deepen the dialogue on collective action within the country. It has been developed through extensive stakeholder interviews and has been guided by a multi-stakeholder Advisory Group. We hope this document triggers an active dialogue between the stakeholders leading to concrete action on water security solutions in Vietnam.

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India: Circular Economy Pathways for Municipal Wastewater Management in India: A Practitioner’s Guide

 Circular economy pathways for municipal wastewater management in India: a practitioner’s guideWater-use patterns in cities are complex, and the quality of water required for a particular use is unique. Along with the residential population, cities host industries and commercial sectors, which already pay higher tariffs for water, even with limited supply assurance. As much as 60% of major industries are impacted due to water scarcities. In addition to water supply augmentation, wastewater treatment offers new economic opportunities for energy and fertilizer recovery. That said, investment in wastewater treatment has associated risks as well. It is important to understand the underlying factors that will drive, facilitate, and sustain wastewater management interventions in India.

This practitioner’s guide identifies relevant practices for India based on the status of global thinking on the adoption of a circular economy pathway in the wastewater sector. At this point, India is still to recognize and exploit the opportunity for wastewater circular economy.

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Karnataka, India: Wastewater Reuse Potential: Rapid Assessment of Urban Wastewater Reuse Opportunities in Three Cities of Karnataka

 Wastewater Reuse Potential: Rapid Assessment of Urban Wastewater Reuse Opportunities in Three Cities of KarnatakaWater availability has become an important driver for facilitating economic growth in the state of Karnataka. As only 20% of water supplied is consumed, and the balance of 80% is wastewater, treatment and reuse of this wastewater will reduce the pressure to augment water supply from freshwater sources. The Government of Karnataka and respective city governments need to frame suitable policies and facilitate cost-effective solutions for the reuse of wastewater to meet this demand.

In this context, this report documents an assessment of the wastewater reuse potential in three cities. The study attempts to assess: urban water demand; on-going and planned wastewater treatment and reuse initiatives; potential for maximizing reuse in the short, medium, and long term; and potential for income generation to improve the financial viability of such projects. Finally, the report offers recommendations for an enabling policy framework in Karnataka to facilitate the reuse of wastewater and encourage public-private partnerships in the sector.

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Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Hydro-Economic Analysis on Cost-Effective Solutions to Close Ulaanbaatar’s Future Water Gap

 Hydro-economic analysis on cost-effective solutions to close Ulaanbaatar’s future water gapThis report focuses on Mongolia’s capital and economic hub, Ulaanbaatar. Based on the water supply-demand gap identified in the previous project phase, an inventory of implementable solutions to close the gap was identified and prioritized to allow for sustainable economic development.

By 2021, water demand will not be met with the available water resources in the high and medium water-demand scenarios. By 2030, a water demand-supply gap is estimated in all scenarios.

Solutions are focused on the key water users in Ulaanbaatar (energy, domestic, and industrial sectors) and include water demand reduction and water supply augmentation measures. These were selected from ongoing (governmental) initiatives and stakeholder consultations and were customized from international best cases to Ulaanbaatar’s context. The identified solutions were prioritized on the basis of an assessment framework that consists of financial, economic, and environmental criteria.

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Market Analysis and Options for Water-Productive Irrigation Financing in Tanzania

 Market Analysis and Options for Water-Productive Financing in Tanzania IrrigationEconomic development, led by agriculture, has put global water resources under enormous strain. The world’s freshwater use is growing at more than double the rate of population growth. Conserving these finite resources while meeting the demands of growing economies, requires focused efforts to use water more efficiently.

More water-productive irrigation could transform Tanzanian agriculture, substantially increasing the crops produced for local and export markets, and allowing farmers to extend the growing season.

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Mongolia: Prioritized solutions to close the water gap: Hydro-economic analysis on the coal mining regions in Mongolia’s Gobi desert

Hydro-economic analysis on the coal mining regions in Mongolia’s Gobi desertEconomic development in Mongolia puts a strain on the water resources in areas where demand for water requires large water supplies. Hence, in some cases, water is not only a limiting factor for economic growth and development, but also an opportunity. The focus of this analysis lies in the coal mining regions Tavan Tolgoi and Nyalga Shivee Ovoo, in which many investments in coal value-adding technologies are planned. This study assesses the water demand-supply gap by 2040 in each region and prioritizes implementable solutions to close the gap to allow for sustainable economic development.

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Consolidation and Analysis of Information on Water Resources Management in Bangladesh

Consolidation and Analysis of Information on Water Resources Management in BangladeshThe 2030 WRG commissioned PwC and BCAS to consolidate and analyze information on water resources management in Bangladesh. The first objective of the analysis was to identify key water resources challenges and priorities today and in 2030. The second objective was to raise awareness and to mobilize and engage new actors from the private sector and civil society to take steps toward sustainably managing water resources. Existing data sources and secondary literature were assessed and consolidated to ensure that the analysis is based on solid data. Building on this analysis, stakeholder consultations were held to identify stakeholder-specific challenges to sustainable water management, as well as to identify existing and potential business cases that
promote sustainable water management. Finally, recommendations were made to support Bangladesh in moving toward sustainable water management.

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Maharashtra: Hydro-Economic Analysis of Opportunities to Improve Water Use in Agriculture Sector

 Hydro-Economical Analysis of Opportunities to Improve Water Use in the Agriculture Sector in MaharashtraWith its strong industrial and services sectors, Maharashtra is important to India’s economy. Even though the agriculture sector’s contribution to Maharashtra’s economic performance is only 11%, the growth of this sector is critical for Maharashtra to improve the lives of its population as about 50% of the state’s population depends on the agriculture sector, either directly or indirectly, for livelihoods.

The report outlines some recommendations to strengthen the existing programs and schemes. In addition, the report identifies two areas where convergence among various activities and actors could significantly enhance outcomes. Also outlined is a need to integrate efforts with the Water Resource Department and other key stakeholders that use water, such as cities and industries.

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An analysis of industrial water use in Bangladesh with a focus on the textile and leather industries

An analysis of industrial water use in Bangladesh with a focus on the textile and leather industriesThe objective of the report is to understand the impact of industrialization on water security in Bangladesh, with a focus on the textile and leather industries, and raise awareness on the scale of the water challenges facing the industrial sector. It provides a summary of the aspirations for growth in both sectors and explores the impact of “business as usual” growth on water resources. The report then presents an analysis of the opportunities for the sector in improving water use and effluent treatment in order to support more sustainable growth. Finally, it recommends a number of key focus areas within the industrial water sector where a 2030 WRG Bangladesh multi-stakeholder partnership could add value.

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Water Resources in Kenya: Closing the Gap

 Water Resources in Kenya: Closing the GapAt the invitation of the Government of Kenya, the 2030 WRG has undertaken a preliminary analysis of water resources dynamics for the Kenyan economy. Through the analysis, the 2030 WRG aims to foster stronger dialogue and collaboration among all stakeholder groups and water-using sectors (industry, agriculture, energy).

Drawing from a wide range of published sources, as well as from interviews with over 50 stakeholders drawn from government, private sector, finance, and civil society, this briefing note summarizes the findings of the analysis, highlights pragmatic opportunities to close the potential water gap, and outlines plans for a Kenya 2030 WRG partnership to help realize these opportunities.

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