The economic development in Mongolia puts a strain on the water resources in areas where demand of water requires large water supplies. Hence, in some cases, water is not only a limiting factor for economic growth and development, but also an opportunity. The focus of this analysis lies on the coal mining regions Tavan Tolgoi and Nyalga Shivee Ovoo, in which many investments in coal value adding technologies, including power plants, coal washing, coal-to-liquid and coal-to-briquette, are planned. This study assesses the water demand-supply gap by 2040 in each region and prioritises implementable solutions to close the gap to allow for sustainable economic development.
The 2030 WRG requested the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) to develop a framework for effective collaborative action in water management at the (sub) river basin level. This led to a contribution to the national and global dialogue about shared water risks and multi-stakeholder water stewardship. Evidence shows that such collaborative efforts are not yet common practice, not yet in India, but also not elsewhere. This Collective Action study determines success and failure factors and effective tools or mechanisms to facilitate multi-stakeholder engagement processes in India based on the identified global and domestic case studies.
On a national scale, Mongolia does have sufficient water by volume and quality to support its population and its economic development. On a local scale, however, serious water challenges which can threaten the country’s economic and social development can be found in the urban and economic hub of Ulaanbaatar and in the mining hub of the Southern Gobi region.
With the establishment of the 2030 WRG Mongolia partnership, our first effort was to compile data and information from across sectors. A targeted analysis of Mongolia’s water challenges commissioned by 2030 WRG and executed by PwC and Deltares also mapped opportunities to subsequently raise awareness, mobilize, and engage ‘new actors’ from the private sector and civil organizations in Mongolia to engage in sustainable water activities.
This report presents recommendations to prioritize Tanzanian river basins for further hydro-economic analysis. The work is part of a program undertaken by the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) to inform and accelerate sustainable transformation in the water sector to support economic growth. This study includes a national overview of the magnitude and urgency of the country’s water challenges, and a review of two river basins: the Wami Ruvu, which includes Dar es Salaam, the largest urban center in Tanzania, and the Rufiji river basin, the focus area of the government’s Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) investment program.
At the invitation of the Government of Kenya, the 2030 Water Resources Group has undertaken a preliminary analysis of water resource dynamics for the Kenyan economy. Through the analysis, the 2030 WRG aims to foster stronger dialogue and collaboration amongst all stakeholders groups and water-using sectors (industry, agriculture, energy).
Drawing from a wide range of published sources, as well as from interviews with over 50 stakeholders drawn from government, private sector, finance, and civil society, this Briefing Note summarizes the findings of the analysis, highlights pragmatic opportunities to close the potential water gap, and outlines plans for a Kenya 2030 WRG partnership to help realize these opportunities.
We have produced this extended version of the Strategic Water Partners Network (SWPN) for South Africa case study to share our experience and lessons learned in this multi-stakeholder partnership. The SWPN is part of the 2030 WRG network of country partnerships and is a multi-stakeholder collaboration addressing South Africa’s most pressing water issues: improving water efficiency and reducing leakage, managing effluent and wastewater management, and managing agricultural and supply-chain water.
Drop By Drop: Conservation, Irrigation, and Innovation
Economic development, led by agriculture, has put global water resources under enormous strain. The world’s freshwater use is growing at more than double the rate of population growth. Conserving these finite resources, while meeting the demands of growing economies, requires focused efforts to use water more efficiently.
More water-productive irrigation could transform Tanzanian agriculture, substantially increasing the crops produced for local and export markets, and allowing farmers to extend the growing season.
Water is linked to every aspect of human life. Depleting water resources is resulting in a continuous decline in per capita availability and becoming a matter of concern. Increase in population, urbanization and rapid industrialization are putting this resource under stress. As a result of population growth, per capita water availability for Karnataka has been declining, as a result of which, the State could be classified as experiencing “Water Stress”. The growing gap between supply and the demand for water is forcing the State to find new ways of achieving higher growth without using more water.
In this context, the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) and the Government of Karnataka have come together in a partnership to understand the scale and nature of this challenge as well as identify solutions for addressing it. This report is an important milestone in this partnership and it contains detailed analysis of the growing demand supply gap for water in urban and industrial sectors by 2030. It also identifies various solutions and analyses them in two dimensions – cost and water availability – to enable meaningful prioritization. The report also identifies institutional, policy and regulatory changes required to enable implementation of the various solutions.
The water sector transformation requires collaboration between the government – to provide sound policies and regulation, private sector – to provide innovation, technology and management expertise, and the civil society – to provide civil oversight and inputs for a smooth transformation. It is hoped that this report would be instrumental in bringing all stakeholders on the table for a meaningful discussion on water sector reform. 2030 WRG and Government of Karnataka would work together to implement many of the recommendations emanating from the report to support over 60 Million citizens of Karnataka in their quest for rapid economic growth for which water is a significant enabler.
Maharashtra is an important State for India’s economy with strong industrial and services sectors. Even though agriculture sector’s contribution to Maharashtra’s economic performance is only 11%, agriculture growth is critical for Maharashtra to improve lives of its population as about 50% of the State’s population depends on agriculture sector, either directly or indirectly, for livelihoods.
The report outlines some recommendations to strengthen the existing programs and schemes. In addition, the report identifies two areas where convergence amongst various activities and actors could significantly enhance outcomes and a need to integrate efforts with the Water Resource Department and other key stakeholders which use water such as cities and industries is outlined.
The “Hydro-Economical Analysis and Prioritization of Water Resource Initiatives in Peru” describes the processes and outcomes of a review of water resource development interventions, the application of a hydro-economic tool, and a review of political, social and environmental impacts. The report identifies a list of prioritized investments in each of six coastal basins, and the three catchments close to the capital Lima. The analysis aggregates various datasets and delivers key messages to Peruvian private sector companies, the public sector and civil society organizations. The analysis provides key information for each sector to take an active role in projects that improve water resources management in Peru and help close any potential gap between projected water demand and sustainable supply for Peru.
The 2030 Water Resources Group is a unique public-private-civil society collaboration. We facilitate open, trust-based dialogue processes to drive action on water resources reform in water stressed countries in developing economies. The ultimate aim of such reforms and actions is to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030.
Our global partners include bilateral agencies and governments (Sida, SDC and the Government of Hungary), private companies (Nestlé, PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, Grundfos, Dow, Ab InBev), development banks (IFC, the World Bank, African Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank), INGOs and IGPs (UNDP, GGGI, GWP, the Forum, BRAC and IUCN). The 2030 WRG was launched in 2008 at the World Economic Forum and has been hosted by The World Bank Group since 2012.