The 2030 WRG and the World Bank Water Global Practice supported the Ministry of Environment in organizing a workshop in Lima aimed at discussing the challenges and opportunities for strengthening collaborative water governance in Peru.
The two-day workshop was organized by the Ministry of Environment and the National Water Authority, which is a specialized agency of the Ministry of Agriculture, as a complementary activity to the ongoing policy dialogue process on water governance in light of the elaboration period of the forthcoming Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) country report on water governance.
Participants from more than 10 local public entities learned from international experiences in key areas related to water governance, shared their experiences on these topics, and offered recommendations on the draft report about Water Governance and Policies in Peru.
The event brought together representatives from local entities of key sectors related to the water stewardship system in the country and provided them with a unique opportunity to discuss current initiatives and challenges, as well as future opportunities and critical actions to strengthen water governance in the country.
World Bank experts shared successful experiences, knowledge, and lessons learned on water governance and water security from diverse countries within the Latin America region. Topics such as water security assessment, circular economy, and economic instruments for water resources management were covered during the workshop. Experts also shared the results of the long-lasting collaboration with the Peruvian Government on the water agenda.
By the end of the workshop, participants put together a list of recommendations for the OECD draft report. This document to (i) strengthen water governance in the country not only across related sectors but also at the different levels of water resources management; (ii) improve the regulatory framework; and (iii) analyze economic instruments for water resources management.
Participants included representatives from the National Water Authority, the Ministry of Environment, the Presidency of Council of Ministries, the Water Supply and Sanitation Regulator (SUNASS), the Ministry of Energy and Mining, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Social Inclusion, and the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation, among others.
Hanoi, December 20, 2019 – The Vietnam Environmental Administration (VEA) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) together with the 2030 WRG convened a multi-stakeholder working group to endorse the launching of an Urban Industrial Water Pollution Workstream. The main objectives of this initiative are: (i) to provide concrete policy recommendations and (ii) to ideate, design, and provide implementation support for transformative actions such as programs, projects, and initiatives to prioritize water pollution and to take concrete actions to address this space.
In addition to the MONRE, members of this working group include: the Ministry of Construction (MOC), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), Ministry of Industrial and Trade (MOIT), and Ministry of Finance (MOF); Nestlé, Unilever, Coca-Cola, Bao Minh Textile Group, Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry / Vietnam Business Council for Sustainable Development (VCCI/VBCSD); and World Wildlife Fund (WWF), International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN), Center for Environment and Community Research (CECR), Vietnam Water Supply and Sewage Association (VWSSA), Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH), and Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association (VITAS) among others. International observers include the German International Development Agency (GIZ), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and International Financial Corporation (IFC). Other organizations will also be involved to work on specific taskforces based on their expertise. The 2030 WRG and VEA/MONRE will be the joint secretariat of the working group.
The workstream endorsed the activities to be undertaken in the context of this initiative, including the establishment of three task forces to work with the textile sector, the identification of the next sector, and the search for alternative financing options. Under the textile taskforce, an assessment of the sector water footprint and a feasibility study for water recycling and reuse within 1-2 industrial parks will soon be implemented.
Versão em português abaixo
By Stela Goldenstein, 2030 WRG Brazil Country Coordinator
The São Paulo Metropolitan Region, with 39 municipalities and more than 21 million inhabitants, has a complex sewage collection, removal, and treatment system. Currently, 87% of the volume of sewage generated in the region is collected. According to the government’s targets, by 2025, the collection should cover 92% of the generated sewage, and 85% of it should be sent for treatment.
Although these are very significant indicators of sanitation as compared to most large Brazilian cities, the volume of water that the rivers of the São Paulo Basin (Alto Tietê Basin) provide is still insufficient to dilute all the sewage load in natura that these rivers receive, making them extremely polluted.
Most of the collected sewage in the region is sent to five large wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), which were designed according to international manuals and standards of sanitary engineering from developed countries. However, due to the specific characteristics of the sewage in a large Brazilian city like São Paulo and to other technical factors, these facilities have operational problems that reduce their pollution removal efficiency. Considering that the expansion of the collection networks in urban areas is underway, and that there will be an increase in the sewage flows to be sent to these same facilities, it is crucial to prioritize strategic investments in maximizing the performance of the existing WWTPs instead of duplicating or building new infrastructure (as is traditionally thought), which is far more costly and time-consuming.
At the beginning of 2019, the 2030 WRG and SABESP, the public sanitation company of the State of São Paulo, joined efforts to develop and implement a performance optimization program in the five largest treatment plants operating in the São Paulo metropolitan area, starting with the Barueri and the Parque Novo Mundo WWTPs. The program aims to improve the quality of final effluents discharged back to the environment and prepare these facilities to properly receive increased sewage loads and also incorporate circular economy processes.
The adopted methodology for the next steps, developed with technical support from international expert Daniel Nolasco, involves the evaluation of historical data of operations, the introduction of measuring and monitoring equipment, and the auditing and performance analysis of each step of the sewage treatment process at every WWTP, including monitored tests. These steps will allow for the checking of the current efficiency of each process or phase, the detection of operational bottlenecks, and the identification of corrective measures for maximizing performance at a reasonable cost, without the need for new infrastructure.
Very positive results of this program have already been obtained at the Barueri WWTP (ETE Barueri), such as the expansion of the plant’s capacity to remove grit and sand materials (pre-treatment) and the reduction of BOD concentration in the final effluent discharged into the Tietê River. Other positive outcomes include the consolidation of a performance-based contracting strategy for the purchase of equipment, and a greater integration of the different boards of SABESP around common goals.
With the continuity of the program, this set of WWTPs will have a significant increase in operational performance. The five facilities will be able to guarantee compliance with the project standards on pollution removal and even exceed them, which will significantly contribute to the improvement of water quality in the region. By 2022, the program’s goal is to achieve a 90 to 95% pollution load removal capacity in the 5 regional WWTPs, which should receive a total volume of about 21 m3/sec.
Versão em português:
A Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, com 39 municípios e mais de 21 milhões de habitantes, conta com um complexo sistema de coleta e tratamento de esgoto. Atualmente, 87% do volume de esgoto gerado na região é coletado, e 78% é enviado para tratamento. De acordo com as metas governamentais, até 2025, a coleta deverá abranger 92% do esgoto gerado, e 85% do esgoto coletado deverá ser enviado para tratamento.
Embora sejam indicadores de saneamento muito expressivos em comparação à maioria das grandes cidades brasileiras, os rios da bacia paulistana (Bacia do Alto Tietê) têm volume reduzido de água, insuficiente para diluir a carga de esgoto in natura que ainda recebem, gerado pela significativa concentração de população, o que os torna extremamente poluídos.
O esgoto coletado é enviado para 5 grandes estações de tratamento (ETEs). Com a ampliação da rede de coleta nas áreas urbanas, em andamento, e o aumento das vazões de esgoto a serem enviadas para estas mesmas ETEs, torna-se dramaticamente importante investir para melhorar a eficácia dos processos de tratamento. No início de 2019, em um trabalho conjunto, o 2030 WRG e a SABESP deram início a um programa de otimização do desempenho das ETEs da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, visando a melhorar a qualidade dos seus efluentes finais, a receber os novos volumes de esgotos e a prepará-las para incorporar processos de economia circular.
O desafio foi aceito, o projeto está em andamento e o 2030 WRG apoia ativamente a SABESP na implementação do programa. A metodologia adotada, desenvolvida em conjunto com a equipe da SABESP e o especialista internacional Daniel Nolasco, envolve vários procedimentos, como: a avaliação de dados históricos; a introdução de equipamentos para medição e monitoramento; a auditoria e a análise do desempenho de cada etapa do processo de tratamento de esgoto em cada ETE, etc. O objetivo é identificar as deficiências, os gargalos infraestruturais e operacionais, e as necessidades de investimento para a sua correção.
Concebido, facilitado e financiado pelo 2030 WRG e pela SABESP, o programa, em suas etapas iniciais, envolveu a realização de visitas de reconhecimento às ETEs, a discussão dos achados em workshops internos, e a definição conjunta das etapas, procedimentos e metas do programa. Resultados muito positivos já foram obtidos na ETE Barueri, como a ampliação da capacidade de remoção de sólidos grosseiros e areia (pré-tratamento) e a redução da concentração de DBO no efluente lançado no Rio Tietê. Outros resultados já alcançados pelo programa são a consolidação de uma estratégia de contratação por performance para a compra de equipamentos e uma maior integração das diferentes diretorias da SABESP em torno de metas comuns.
Com a continuidade do programa, o conjunto das ETEs da RMSP terá expressivo incremento em sua eficácia operacional, atingindo e superando as metas de projeto quanto à remoção das cargas de poluição, o que contribuirá significativamente a melhoria da qualidade das águas na região.
Para 2022, o programa estabelece como meta alcançar uma capacidade de remoção de carga de poluição entre 90 a 95% nas 5 ETEs em operação na região, as quais receberão uma vazão total de esgoto de cerca de 21 m3/s.
March 2020 – The World Bank Water Global Practice, the International Finance Corporation, and the 2030 WRG met with CONAGUA to discuss the prospect of collaborating on a comprehensive technical advisory process focusing on ways to strengthen the Mexican water financing system. The meeting took place in CONAGUA’s headquarters and included the participation of personnel from different units dealing with water resources planning, project structuration, project finance, and legal advisory.
The outcome of this meeting is a comprehensive work plan that includes the following activities: (i) the mapping and diagnostics of the water sector’s existing financing sources and instruments; (ii) the analysis of the 1928 trust fund’s operations and prospects; (iii) the identification and sharing of international best practices regarding water financing systems; (iv) the establishment of a PPP-specialized office; and (v) the implementation of a capacity-building process on PPP project structuration.
These technical advisory activities are part of the longstanding collaboration between the World Bank Group and CONAGUA, and hopefully will help strengthen the Mexican water financing systems to respond to important budgetary cuts and financial gaps in the water sector.
March 11, 2020, Mexico City – The Water Advisory Council (CCA)’s Water Security and Legal Certainty Thematic Committee held a meeting with the special participation of Mr. Eugenio Barrios, CONAGUA’s Deputy Director for Water Resources Management. The meeting’s objectives were (i) to discuss the highlights of the Collaborative Document: Towards the Strengthening of the Water Allocation Regime; (ii) to learn from the Deputy Director about CONAGUA’s perspective and current activities to reform the water allocation regime; and (iii) to discuss the orientation and content of the Committee’s present collaboration with CONAGUA.
This collaboration will focus on helping CONAGUA look at some policy instruments that could help bring greater adaptive flexibility and resilience to the water allocation regime and at a mechanism/protocol to support the management of collective community concessions. The meeting counted the active participation of several of its members, including among others: Agua Capital, CESPEDES, Coca-Cola, FEMSA-Coca-Cola, Constellation Brands, FEMSA Foundation, Grupo Bal, Grupo Modelo-AB InBev, Heineken, Nestlé, The Nature Conservancy, Suez, and Veolia.
The Water Security and Legal Certainty Thematic Committee was created to support a multi-stakeholder dialogue process and technical advisory on matters concerning the strengthening and modernization of the Mexican water allocation regime and ways to develop a more enabling environment for corporate water stewardship.
Mumbai, February 2020 – 2030 WRG Maharashtra State Coordinator Kavita Sachwani represented the 2030 WRG as a panelist at the Forbes India Sustainability Changemakers Summit championed by BNP Paribas for a discussion on actionable solutions to India’s water crisis. She spoke about the need for the recently introduced workstream on Alternative Financing for the Water Sector:
We really need to move from pricing water to valuing water. We have the Jal Jeevan Mission, Atal Bhujal Yojana, and the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana; we are also talking about raising tariffs and taxes, and we also have CSR funds. All these sources of finance together are also not enough to finance the gap. There is a gap of 2.5 Trillion USD in developing economies for meeting SDGs, and a significant portion of this is for water. We need to move beyond traditional models of financing and subsidy-driven models to newer and more innovative models of financing such as impact investing, alternative investment funds, blended finance, pension funds, and insurance companies.
The 2030 WRG signed a joint Expression of Interest with Hinduja Foundation and Sterlite Technologies Ltd. in February 2020.
Hinduja Foundation has a large focus on water through its Jal Jeevan program and plans to explore joint programmatic interventions in watershed development in rainfed/irrigated areas, restoration of water bodies, gender mainstreaming, and alternative financing mechanisms. Similarly, discussions are in progress to firm up a joint work plan for innovations in groundwater recharge in Aurangabad. Sterlite’s commitment to ensuring water security for the communities goes beyond building and maintaining water harvesting structures to water conservation awareness, sustainable agriculture training, and groundwater recharge to achieve increased water productivity and farm incomes.
Under Workstream 3 – Wastewater Reuse and Management of the Maharashtra Water MSP, the 2030 WRG with active support from the Project on Climate Resilient Agriculture, facilitated the formation of a first-of-its-kind Wastewater Reuse Association in Zalta GP, Aurangabad, one of the 15 drought-prone districts in Maharashtra state. The Zalta Wastewater Reuse Association (WWRUA) was formed in January 2020, comprising 10 farmers including the Zalta Gram Panchayat Sarpanch. The focus is to identify operational models to reuse treated wastewater from the Zalta STP for agricultural purposes in the adjoining farmlands, thereby creating alternate sources of reliable year-round water supply. The farmers have agreed to pay for the treated wastewater and for the electricity to pump the water.
Supported by the 2030 WRG, the Drip-to-Market Agri-Corridor (DMAC) is a joint initiative of the Karnataka government’s Departments of Water Resources, Agriculture, and Horticulture. The first of its kind in India, the DMAC is a large-scale initiative that focuses on connecting drip–irrigated areas with market linkages, with the private sector playing a major role in procuring high-value crops and building farmer capacity on best practices. The concept was first developed and tested in Ramthal, one of the world’s largest automated drip irrigation projects situated in Northern Karnataka’s Hungund Taluka, in the Bagalkote District. The project covers 24,000 hectares (ha) and 15,000 farmers with the aim of providing sustainable access to irrigation through the adoption of micro-irrigation as well as market solutions that combine backward and forward linkages. The project has helped reduce the water used for agriculture up to 40% from an allocation of 5.84 TMC (thousand million cubic feet) before the project was commissioned, to an allocation of 2.77 TMC after project commissioning.
A refreshing approach
The establishment of a DMAC in Ramthal, Northern Karnataka, has transformed Water User Associations (WUAs) that were originally meant for managing irrigation, into undertakers of pioneering agribusiness marketing. The DMAC has not only expanded the mandate of collective and scientific management of water resources, but also successfully connected farmers to markets, achieving the twin goals of enhancing water-use efficiency and doubling farm income.
The Ramthal project has successfully mainstreamed a dual approach of combining market linkages with the adoption of high-efficiency drip irrigation technologies. A Project Implementation Unit (PIU), constituted jointly by the Departments of Water Resources and Agriculture, supervises the DMAC with a special focus on linking farmers to high-value markets. M/s. Ernst and Young LLP was appointed as consultant agency to the DMAC PIU, headed by the Joint Director of Agriculture. Showing belief in the Ramthal model, the Government of Karnataka is replicating the Ramthal project in other districts in Karnataka, including Poorigali (Mandya District), Tarikere (Chikamagalur), Singatalur (Gadag), and Koppal.
The 2019 Rabi season at Hungund Taluka Upon completion of sale, the payments were credited directly to farmers’ accounts, eliminating commissions and transaction losses to middlemen. These transactions comprise the first of the multiple transactions planned and made possible through market-informed farmers by aggregating the produce under the WUAs.
Within a year of establishment, the DMAC has demonstrated impact by dramatically improving farm incomes through pooling of outputs at the level of WUAs, promoting demand-driven water management, and incentivizing adoption of water-efficient technologies through private-sector market off-takers. Extensive outreach, awareness, and handholding of WUAs is critical to infuse sustainability as further expansion is planned. The PIU continues to communicate and transact with the established buyers, and connect them with the WUAs. Active participation of the WUAs and their sustainable financial and functional preparedness are critical interventions to ensure strong institutions, which are vital for more successful business transactions and bigger transformations in the days to come.
The 2030 WRG Mongolia program implemented a demonstration project for treated wastewater reuse for toilet flushing and other uses at the Mongolian Teachers’ Development Institute in Ulaanbaatar city.
The project originated under 2030 WRG’s Mongolia multi-stakeholder platform. 2030 WRG introduced polluter pays principles in Mongolia through amendments to the Water Pollution Fee law and associated guidelines and methodologies. The principles provide a framework for pollution payments related to the amount and load of water polluted, and economic incentives and exemptions associated with the treatment, recycling, and reuse of water.
Although the Water Law of Mongolia provided for the promotion of wastewater treatment and reuse, there were no technical standards for entities to implement. In this context, 2030 WRG’s engagement for the development of national standards for the recycling and reuse of wastewater, and their subsequent adoption in conjunction with the National Council for Environmental Standards, provided a crucial construct for the promotion of circular economy approaches. Thus, the potential for treated wastewater reuse is fully enabled with the approval of the standards for reuse, systematically carried out under the 2030 WRG multi-stakeholder platform working group related to the Enabling Legal Environment for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse.
Within the framework of implementation of this standard, the 2030 WRG implemented the first demo project on treated wastewater reuse, related to safe soil water purification and reuse at the Teachers’ Development Institute in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. Successful implementation of the project avoids the risk of flooding of the basement of the Institute, purifies the accumulated soil water into the sewerage system, and provides excess purified water for fire extinguishing and irrigation of the green facilities. 2030 Water Resources Group provided technical assistance and engineering support for pilot development, while the Mayor’s Office supported implementation through the required budget for construction and installation. This model provides the city with a replicable approach and a smart and rational solution to drainage and reuse, with additional benefits through saving of freshwater resources and reduced water demand.