March 11, 2020, Mexico City – The Water Advisory Council (CCA)’s Water Security and Legal Certainty Thematic Committee held a meeting with the special participation of Mr. Eugenio Barrios, CONAGUA’s Deputy Director for Water Resources Management. The meeting’s objectives were (i) to discuss the highlights of the Collaborative Document: Towards the Strengthening of the Water Allocation Regime; (ii) to learn from the Deputy Director about CONAGUA’s perspective and current activities to reform the water allocation regime; and (iii) to discuss the orientation and content of the Committee’s present collaboration with CONAGUA.
This collaboration will focus on helping CONAGUA look at some policy instruments that could help bring greater adaptive flexibility and resilience to the water allocation regime and at a mechanism/protocol to support the management of collective community concessions. The meeting counted the active participation of several of its members, including among others: Agua Capital, CESPEDES, Coca-Cola, FEMSA-Coca-Cola, Constellation Brands, FEMSA Foundation, Grupo Bal, Grupo Modelo-AB InBev, Heineken, Nestlé, The Nature Conservancy, Suez, and Veolia.
The Water Security and Legal Certainty Thematic Committee was created to support a multi-stakeholder dialogue process and technical advisory on matters concerning the strengthening and modernization of the Mexican water allocation regime and ways to develop a more enabling environment for corporate water stewardship.
Mumbai, February 2020 – 2030 WRG Maharashtra State Coordinator Kavita Sachwani represented the 2030 WRG as a panelist at the Forbes India Sustainability Changemakers Summit championed by BNP Paribas for a discussion on actionable solutions to India’s water crisis. She spoke about the need for the recently introduced workstream on Alternative Financing for the Water Sector:
We really need to move from pricing water to valuing water. We have the Jal Jeevan Mission, Atal Bhujal Yojana, and the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana; we are also talking about raising tariffs and taxes, and we also have CSR funds. All these sources of finance together are also not enough to finance the gap. There is a gap of 2.5 Trillion USD in developing economies for meeting SDGs, and a significant portion of this is for water. We need to move beyond traditional models of financing and subsidy-driven models to newer and more innovative models of financing such as impact investing, alternative investment funds, blended finance, pension funds, and insurance companies.
The 2030 WRG signed a joint Expression of Interest with Hinduja Foundation and Sterlite Technologies Ltd. in February 2020.
Hinduja Foundation has a large focus on water through its Jal Jeevan program and plans to explore joint programmatic interventions in watershed development in rainfed/irrigated areas, restoration of water bodies, gender mainstreaming, and alternative financing mechanisms. Similarly, discussions are in progress to firm up a joint work plan for innovations in groundwater recharge in Aurangabad. Sterlite’s commitment to ensuring water security for the communities goes beyond building and maintaining water harvesting structures to water conservation awareness, sustainable agriculture training, and groundwater recharge to achieve increased water productivity and farm incomes.
Under Workstream 3 – Wastewater Reuse and Management of the Maharashtra Water MSP, the 2030 WRG with active support from the Project on Climate Resilient Agriculture, facilitated the formation of a first-of-its-kind Wastewater Reuse Association in Zalta GP, Aurangabad, one of the 15 drought-prone districts in Maharashtra state. The Zalta Wastewater Reuse Association (WWRUA) was formed in January 2020, comprising 10 farmers including the Zalta Gram Panchayat Sarpanch. The focus is to identify operational models to reuse treated wastewater from the Zalta STP for agricultural purposes in the adjoining farmlands, thereby creating alternate sources of reliable year-round water supply. The farmers have agreed to pay for the treated wastewater and for the electricity to pump the water.
Supported by the 2030 WRG, the Drip-to-Market Agri-Corridor (DMAC) is a joint initiative of the Karnataka government’s Departments of Water Resources, Agriculture, and Horticulture. The first of its kind in India, the DMAC is a large-scale initiative that focuses on connecting drip–irrigated areas with market linkages, with the private sector playing a major role in procuring high-value crops and building farmer capacity on best practices. The concept was first developed and tested in Ramthal, one of the world’s largest automated drip irrigation projects situated in Northern Karnataka’s Hungund Taluka, in the Bagalkote District. The project covers 24,000 hectares (ha) and 15,000 farmers with the aim of providing sustainable access to irrigation through the adoption of micro-irrigation as well as market solutions that combine backward and forward linkages. The project has helped reduce the water used for agriculture up to 40% from an allocation of 5.84 TMC (thousand million cubic feet) before the project was commissioned, to an allocation of 2.77 TMC after project commissioning.
A refreshing approach
The establishment of a DMAC in Ramthal, Northern Karnataka, has transformed Water User Associations (WUAs) that were originally meant for managing irrigation, into undertakers of pioneering agribusiness marketing. The DMAC has not only expanded the mandate of collective and scientific management of water resources, but also successfully connected farmers to markets, achieving the twin goals of enhancing water-use efficiency and doubling farm income.
The Ramthal project has successfully mainstreamed a dual approach of combining market linkages with the adoption of high-efficiency drip irrigation technologies. A Project Implementation Unit (PIU), constituted jointly by the Departments of Water Resources and Agriculture, supervises the DMAC with a special focus on linking farmers to high-value markets. M/s. Ernst and Young LLP was appointed as consultant agency to the DMAC PIU, headed by the Joint Director of Agriculture. Showing belief in the Ramthal model, the Government of Karnataka is replicating the Ramthal project in other districts in Karnataka, including Poorigali (Mandya District), Tarikere (Chikamagalur), Singatalur (Gadag), and Koppal.
The 2019 Rabi season at Hungund Taluka Upon completion of sale, the payments were credited directly to farmers’ accounts, eliminating commissions and transaction losses to middlemen. These transactions comprise the first of the multiple transactions planned and made possible through market-informed farmers by aggregating the produce under the WUAs.
Within a year of establishment, the DMAC has demonstrated impact by dramatically improving farm incomes through pooling of outputs at the level of WUAs, promoting demand-driven water management, and incentivizing adoption of water-efficient technologies through private-sector market off-takers. Extensive outreach, awareness, and handholding of WUAs is critical to infuse sustainability as further expansion is planned. The PIU continues to communicate and transact with the established buyers, and connect them with the WUAs. Active participation of the WUAs and their sustainable financial and functional preparedness are critical interventions to ensure strong institutions, which are vital for more successful business transactions and bigger transformations in the days to come.
The 2030 WRG Mongolia program implemented a demonstration project for treated wastewater reuse for toilet flushing and other uses at the Mongolian Teachers’ Development Institute in Ulaanbaatar city.
The project originated under 2030 WRG’s Mongolia multi-stakeholder platform. 2030 WRG introduced polluter pays principles in Mongolia through amendments to the Water Pollution Fee law and associated guidelines and methodologies. The principles provide a framework for pollution payments related to the amount and load of water polluted, and economic incentives and exemptions associated with the treatment, recycling, and reuse of water.
Although the Water Law of Mongolia provided for the promotion of wastewater treatment and reuse, there were no technical standards for entities to implement. In this context, 2030 WRG’s engagement for the development of national standards for the recycling and reuse of wastewater, and their subsequent adoption in conjunction with the National Council for Environmental Standards, provided a crucial construct for the promotion of circular economy approaches. Thus, the potential for treated wastewater reuse is fully enabled with the approval of the standards for reuse, systematically carried out under the 2030 WRG multi-stakeholder platform working group related to the Enabling Legal Environment for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse.
Within the framework of implementation of this standard, the 2030 WRG implemented the first demo project on treated wastewater reuse, related to safe soil water purification and reuse at the Teachers’ Development Institute in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. Successful implementation of the project avoids the risk of flooding of the basement of the Institute, purifies the accumulated soil water into the sewerage system, and provides excess purified water for fire extinguishing and irrigation of the green facilities. 2030 Water Resources Group provided technical assistance and engineering support for pilot development, while the Mayor’s Office supported implementation through the required budget for construction and installation. This model provides the city with a replicable approach and a smart and rational solution to drainage and reuse, with additional benefits through saving of freshwater resources and reduced water demand.
Senior leaders from the Tanzanian water sector convened at the Julius Nyerere International Conference Centre in Dar es Salaam on 3rd December 2019 for the 3rd National Multi-Sector Forum on Water Resources to explore strategies for strengthening the collaboration among stakeholders in Tanzania’s water sector. Attendees renewed the focus on water data collection and harmonization as a necessary step in enhancing the nation’s water security, particularly around groundwater use and management, underlining the need for collaboration and coordination among sector stakeholders.
The forum, which was hosted by the Ministry of Water in collaboration with the 2030 Water Resources Group, Raleigh Tanzania, Water Aid, and Shahidi wa Maji, was aimed at enhancing cross-sectoral coordination as envisioned in the country’s Integrated Water Resources Management Development (IWRMD) Plans by breaking down institutional silos and catalyzing the exchange of knowledge, expertise, technologies and financial resources required to improve the country’s future water security.
“The current resources will not increase but the population will increase. If we don’t plan effectively, conflicts of water will continue” said the Minister for Water, Professor Makame Mbarawa during his opening statement. “As a ministry, our focus has been to build water infrastructures – but we should also be working on managing and protecting our water resources,” he said, highlighting opportunities for increasing engagement with the private sector to do so.
From advanced wastewater treatment and reuse to efficient on-farm practices, some firms are very technologically advanced in both thinking and practice when it comes to managing factory fence – or on-site – risks. However, many smaller firms do not have the capacity – human resources, finance, and technical ability – to either build the business case for such resource efficiency or to implement the actual practices. To leverage existing local knowledge and practices, as well as help promote national business-to-business knowledge transfer around sustainable and integrated water management, it was agreed to develop a compendium of good practices in private sector water management and stewardship in Tanzania.
The Forum also committed to contributing the necessary resources towards improving the collection and harmonization of water data to support data-based water management planning, especially with regards to the nation’s groundwater resource availability, quality, and usage.
Tanzania is endowed with relatively abundant freshwater resources, but these are unevenly distributed and increasingly at risk. Water demand in the key economic sectors of agriculture, energy and manufacturing is rising sharply alongside rising requirements from population growth for supplying domestic consumption, improving the conditions of the poor and for the environment.
The need to work collaboratively is more urgent than ever. Climate change is likely to have severe consequences for Tanzania through increased temperatures, changes in rainfall, increasingly frequent extreme weather events and rising sea levels. By 2030, climate change is anticipated to cost two percent, or TZH 816 billion per year, of Tanzania’s GDP.
The forum, now officially in its third year, brings together senior leaders from government, business, research institutions, and civil society, to strengthen inter-sectoral collaboration, inform decision making at the national and basin levels, and help shape an improved institutional framework for decision making.
The forum will among other issues, review progress against the country’s seven IWRMD plans, developed during the implementation of the Water Sector Development Programme Phase I which ended in 2019. The plans aim to reduce the current fragmentation in water resources planning and management that results in water resources development and use being seen narrowly as a sectoral issue – and will define a roadmap for strengthening cooperation moving forward.
“Water cuts across all sectors, therefore strengthening collaboration and partnership among them is key to the performance and long-term sustainability of many sectors of the economy,” said the Minister for Water Prof. Makame Mbarawa, ahead of the event. “Better coordination between competing water resource users is a critical issue at both the national and local levels. This forum is an opportunity to create a shared understanding of the challenges we face, and to align our priorities to ensure the most optimal outcome for all water users while also safeguarding our water security for future generations.”
“This forum plays a critical role in fostering the necessary collaboration for the development of a more efficient and sustainable water resource management sub-sector. The discussions are essential to bridging the coordination gap between the various authorities engaged in water resources management and will help unlock opportunities for expanding business and improving local livelihoods through strengthened engagement with the private sector” said Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of Water, Prof. Kitila Mkumbo.
Habari za Maji Media Awards
The forum also featured the presentation of the Habari za Maji Award which recognizes the important contribution from media professionals in raising awareness and increasing understanding of Tanzania’s water resource management challenges.
About 2030 Water Resources Group: The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) is a public, private, civil society partnership hosted by the World Bank Group that supports country-level collaboration designed to unite diverse groups with a common interest in the sustainable management of water resources. In Tanzania, 2030 WRG has been working with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation on strengthening collaborative approach to water management since 2013. For more information, please visit: www.2030wrg.org
About Raleigh Tanzania: Raleigh Tanzania is an NGO under the Non-Governmental Organisation Act 2002 (no. 00001469). The organization focus on providing access to safe water, sanitation & hygiene, protecting vulnerable environments, building resilient communities and empowering youth. Our work is delivered through diverse teams of young people in partnership with local communities, organisations and our project partners across Tanzani Raleigh Tanzania’s Social Accountability through Youth (SAY) aims to increase the success rate and value for money of development spending in the Dodoma, Iringa and Morogoro regions of Tanzania, benefitting more than 500,000 people. The project will empower over 400 young women and men, including people with disabilities, to effectively and independently monitor project delivery across 179 communities through improved reporting systems – such as a dedicated application named Development Check – and specialized training, these young people will gain an increased ability and confidence to hold development organizations to account and encourage their communities to do the same. For more, please read www.raleightanzania.org
About Shahidi wa Maji: Shahidi wa Maji is a Tanzanian Civil Society Organisation dedicated to sustainability, equity and accountability in water resource management since its formation in 2008. It is implementing Uhakika wa Maji (Fair Water Futures) programme in collaboration with member organizations of TAWASANET as well as Ministry of Water, NEMC and Basin Water Offices in improving water resources management. For more information please visit www.shahidiwamaji.org
About Water Aid: Since 1983, WaterAid Tanzania has been working closely with partners and stakeholders to make clean water, decent sanitation and good hygiene normal for everyone, everywhere. We are one of the leading players in the Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) sector. Our work is closely aligned with the Government of Tanzania’s Water Sector Development Programme (WSDP), and our work aims to unblock the key challenges that the sector is facing in achieving the WSDP targets. We use the lessons and experiences from our projects on the ground to influence policy at the national level. For more information please visit www.wateraid.org
About Water Witness International: Water Witness International is an international NGO working to improve water security for the poor. Distinct from other NGOs operating in water their core expertise lies in water resource management with a focus on the institutional processes that determine whether people can access the water they need and how the sources of their water may be protected for future generations. They work at a local, national and global scale, driving improved water security through a multi-layered approach involving research to spotlight performance gaps; the development of innovative, progressive responses; collaborations with change-makers who can help us to implement those responses; evaluation of evidence and learning from field implementations and, finally, evidence-based advocacy on those learnings to drive change at scale. For more information please visit www.waterwitness.org
Lima, Peru, November 15 – The first-ever field visit for 2030 WRG Steering Board members to a country program was held in Lima, Peru from 11 to 13 November, bringing together over 60 participants. The purpose of the meeting was to introduce the Governing Council Co-Chairs and global Steering Board members to a multi-stakeholder partnership in action and to get to know the country stakeholders and learn from their experiences.
Together with the Peruvian Minister of Environment, Laura Tuck, Vice President for Sustainable Development of the World Bank, gave opening remarks at a joint high-level global and national 2030 WRG Peru Steering Board meeting. She spoke about the importance of building resilience in water availability and resource management to ensure a sustainable and inclusive water sector, shared how the World Bank is helping countries tackle short and long-term challenges through its new Water Action Plan, and the role of 2030 WRG in bringing different stakeholders from across sectors to pilot cost-effective solutions and build the political capital and trust that change requires.
Here are a few of the highlights from the three-day visit:
A high-level meeting with Peruvian authorities was also convened by the Ministry of Environment, to discuss and share experiences on tackling water challenges in Peru. The authorities represented include the Minister of Environment, the Minister of Development and Social Inclusion, the Minister of Women and Vulnerable Populations, the Minister of Housing, Building and Sanitation, the Minister of Energy and Mining, the Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation, the Head of the National Water Authority, the VP of the Board of SEDAPAL (the water utility of the city of Lima), and the Executive President of SUNASS (the sanitation regulatory entity in Peru).
Blue Certificate to Fenix Power
Paul Bulcke, Chairman of the Board of Nestlé, and 2030 WRG Governing Council Co-Chair, handed company Fenix Power the Blue Certificate during an event hosted by the Swiss Embassy and Nestlé. The Blue Certificate acknowledges water-efficient companies based on ISO standards, making these companies more appealing to investors, customers, and clients who are conscious about sustainability and the environment.
The power plant is the ninth company being certified by ANA, the Peru National Water Authority. Another ten companies are in the process of certification. A site visit tour of the Fenix Power plant during the high-level visit showcased the company’s leadership in developing a Water Footprint Assessment, the implementation of a Water Footprint Reduction Project, and the implementation of a program of shared value with a community in the watershed.
MSPs for SDGs
A panel discussion was held on the role of MSPs in helping to meet the SDGs during a Coca Cola reception. Panelists included international water consultant Gonzalo Delacámara from IMDEA, Jane Nelson, from Harvard University, Ulrike Sapiro, Senior Director Water Stewardship & Agriculture from Coca Cola, and Karin Krchnak, 2030 WRG Program Manager. Comments were also made by Fabiola Muñoz, Minister of Environment, on the importance of collective action in Peru.
An academic conference hosted by the Universidad del Pacífico included several 2030 WRG Global Steering Board members presenting on water resources as factor for productivity and competitiveness; international and multi-stakeholder perspectives; and private sector involvement in the sustainability of water resources. The presenters provided numerous examples of solutions that in summary focused in on (green/grey) infrastructure solutions, technological innovations, and policy, regulatory and institutional reforms.
LAC Regional Retreat
The team also conducted a working retreat for colleagues from the region. Guest attendees included Mercedes Castro, Chair of the Peru 2030 WRG MSP, Alejandro Conza of Agualimpia, and Elsa Galarza of the Universidad del Pacífico and former Minister of Environment. The retreat offered a chance to conduct deep dives into 2030 WRG Mexico, Peru and São Paolo and identify initiatives that could be replicated across multiple countries (e.g., Blue Certificate).
The three-day high-level meetings were very productive and allowed fruitful discussions around next steps for the multi-donor trust fund, positioning of the program with different audiences, and networking between global and local steering board members as well as amongst partners themselves. The meetings also gave the Governing Council Co-Chairs an opportunity to meet in person to discuss 2030 WRG governance and fundraising priorities. The 2030 WRG global Steering Board are looking forward to similar visits in the near future.
See some photos of the visit in below gallery >>
The Kenya 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) Governing Board – chaired by Cabinet Secretary Chelugui, Ministry of Water, Sanitation, & Irrigation, and Vimal Shah, Chairman of BIDCO – unanimously endorsed two new priority areas during its second meeting of 2019 mid-November in Nairobi. The initiatives take aim at curbing water pollution through more effective private sector participation in scaling sanitation solutions and leveraging opportunities to incorporate circular economy principles in the country’s national water management strategies.
Scaling sanitation solutions through increased private sector participation
While the water supply coverage has reached a nation-wide expansion of 57% of the population, only about 16% of the population has access to sewerage services. The Kenyan government estimates funding required to the tune of USD 2.5 Billion annually to achieve 80% of sanitation cover by 2030.
Efforts in generating and connecting new sources of water for a water-scarce nation become increasingly challenged by the deteriorating quality of water sources such as rivers, lakes, and dams. Urban centres in Kenya have traditionally relied on city-wide sewerage systems and centralized municipal wastewater treatment facilities for wastewater management. Much of this infrastructure is old and dilapidated, operating at very low capacity and rendering them wholly inadequate to treat the volume of wastewater generated in urban centers. For example, Nairobi City generates approximately 400 million liters of wastewater per day. However, the two treatment plants (Ruai and Kariobangi) which the city relies on having the capacity to treat only 192 million liters per day (160 and 32 million liters per day respectively) and are currently running at about 120 million liters per day. This implies that almost three-quarters of generated wastewater is unaccounted for and most likely finds its way, untreated, into the environment. This does not even factor in wastewater generated from the water abstracted from almost 3,800 boreholes within Nairobi.
Increasing urbanization coupled with the envisioned growth of the manufacturing sector as one of the pillars of the President’s Big Four Agenda are likely to lead to increased volumes of both domestic and industrial wastewater which will compound the problem of water pollution unless we find ways to significantly increase our efforts and investments in sanitation expansion and innovative solutions that are able to generate sustainable business models that do not depend on public funding.
To address the issue, the Governing Board endorsed the creation of a high-level sanitation technical working group intended to further refine the specific scopes of reforms, programmatic interventions and road map for scaling up sanitation solutions – both sanitation governance and crowding in private sector, under the leadership of the Chief Administrative Secretary, Ministry of Water, Sanitation, and Irrigation. The enthusiasm for the proposal reflects a widespread appreciation of the need to address governance bottlenecks caused by overlapping mandates of different sectors relevant to sanitation and the need to pursue alternatives service delivery models for sanitation coverage.
Water in the circular economy agenda
Beyond the current “take, make and dispose” extractive industrial model, the circular economy is restorative and regenerative by design. Water systems intersect with all sections of society and industry and opportunities exist in these interfaces to create additional value by application of Circular Economy principles. Water is fundamental to meeting the basic needs of all living things.
The circular economy holds particular promise for achieving multiple SDGs, including SDGs 6 on water, 7 on energy, 8 on economic growth, 11 on sustainable cities, 12 on sustainable consumption and production, 13 on climate change, 14 on oceans, and 15 on life on land.
In order to further systemic change towards a circular water economy in Kenya, the government needs to drive enabling policy and regulatory actions and collaborate with relevant private and civil society partners to implement key initiatives.
The creation of a dedicated ‘water in the circular economy‘ working group aims to work with the relevant Government of Kenya agencies to further refine specific scopes of reforms, programmatic interventions, and road map for making Kenya a regional leader in the circular economy.
Victor Lichtinger is the President of Consejo Consultivo del Agua (CCA), Mexico’s water advisory council. In this interview, he discusses how the 2030 WRG is addressing bottlenecks to progress in a democratic way.
Water resources challenges are complex, interdependent, and highly political in nature. No political or social actor can address or tackle these challenges alone.
2030 WRG: What are the main bottlenecks prohibiting progress in Mexico?
VL: Perhaps one of the most important bottlenecks is the political system itself. It does not regard water issues as important, a situation that translates into declining budgets, continuous state retrenchment, and a lack of enforcement capabilities. Another huge problem is a weak rule of law and corruption.
On the side of civil society, lack of education and knowledge about water challenges is a problem. If society does not pressure governments to address water challenges in a more steadfast and timely manner, governments simply will not allocate political and financial resources to address them.
Lastly, the lack of a more enabling environment for innovation, not only technological innovation, but societal-institutional innovation. For example, it is extremely difficult to innovate in terms of collaboration, inter-institutional coordination, financial mechanisms, and technological innovation. This is why the CCA launched the Social Pact for Water.
2030 WRG: Do you believe sustainable solutions require collective action?
VL: Water resources challenges are complex, interdependent, and highly political in nature. No political or social actor can address or tackle these challenges alone.
Water users all need water for different, valid purposes. But there is not enough water for everyone, so conflicts arise. In a democratic society, such conflict is resolved through deliberative, representative, and inclusive debate of different points of view, allowing collective decision-making. Value pluralism, interest representation, and public deliberation are at the center of democratic practice. Today, more than ever, these practices should be strengthened. Collective action is central to democratic societies. This is what the CCA is all about.
2030 WRG: How has 2030 WRG contributed to collective action through the CCA?
VL: 2030 WRG plays a catalyzing role. It is flexible and fast to respond, making it very supportive of the CCA’s mandate and responsibilities. This is a crucial value in fast-changing times.
2030 WRG has brought great dynamism, responsiveness, and drive to the CCA. Our partnership has supported new strategic alliances, increased the CCA’s engagement level on policy and institutional reform, strengthened our technical competence, and expanded our organizational and financial capabilities. We at the CCA appreciate the strategic, technical, and financial support that 2030 WRG provides.
2030 WRG: How can MSPs become more sustainable?
VL: An MSP can only be sustainable if it is responsive and relevant. The CCA needs to keep evolving to address the contextual challenges that affect the Mexican water polity and MSP. Innovation is key to this; the CCA has to continue enabling social learning and different forms of collaborative governance. It also needs to maintain its autonomy, neutrality, and science-based interventions; continue to democratize and thus become more inclusive and representative; and find a way to become more financially robust, diversifying its funding sources.
If society does not pressure governments to address water challenges in a more steadfast and timely manner, governments simply will not allocate political and financial resources to address them. This is why the CCA launched the Social Pact for Water.