Water is linked to every aspect of human life. Depleting water resources is resulting in a continuous decline in per capita availability and becoming a matter of concern. Increase in population, urbanization and rapid industrialization are putting this resource under stress. As a result of population growth, per capita water availability for Karnataka has been declining, as a result of which, the State could be classified as experiencing “Water Stress”. The growing gap between supply and the demand for water is forcing the State to find new ways of achieving higher growth without using more water.
In this context, the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) and the Government of Karnataka have come together in a partnership to understand the scale and nature of this challenge as well as identify solutions for addressing it. This report is an important milestone in this partnership and it contains detailed analysis of the growing demand supply gap for water in urban and industrial sectors by 2030. It also identifies various solutions and analyses them in two dimensions – cost and water availability – to enable meaningful prioritization. The report also identifies institutional, policy and regulatory changes required to enable implementation of the various solutions.
The water sector transformation requires collaboration between the government – to provide sound policies and regulation, private sector – to provide innovation, technology and management expertise, and the civil society – to provide civil oversight and inputs for a smooth transformation. It is hoped that this report would be instrumental in bringing all stakeholders on the table for a meaningful discussion on water sector reform. 2030 WRG and Government of Karnataka would work together to implement many of the recommendations emanating from the report to support over 60 Million citizens of Karnataka in their quest for rapid economic growth for which water is a significant enabler.