Water Challenges

Ethiopia has a generous water endowment of 122 billion m³ of water available annually but is faced with high levels of variability, both geographically and temporally. The country currently lacks the necessary infrastructure to adequately manage this variability, and it is estimated that hydrological variability costs the Ethiopian economy 38% of its potential growth rate and contributes to a 25% increase in poverty rates.


In December 2017, the Planning and Development Commission (formerly National Planning Commission) formally invited 2030 WRG to jointly coordinate and undertake analytical work in form of a hydro-economic analysis (HEA) in collaboration with the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy to provide insights into the 15-year planning strategy for Ethiopia. The outcomes of the HEA help define and validate initial priority areas and multi-stakeholder workstreams.

Our Role

The 2030 WRG has facilitated several national-level dialogues to further develop the hydro-economic study through its advisory groups. The objective of this study is to serve as a high-level guide on existing and future water resource management challenges, and opportunities in addressing water security through a multi-stakeholder approach.