Ethiopia

Background About Our Work in Ethiopia

Water Challenges

Through its Growth and Transformation Plan II, the Government of Ethiopia has set out its aim of becoming a middle-income country by 2025. This is through building on the agricultural base, stimulating industrial growth and attracting more investment. Water resources are a critical enabler to this growth and present both risk and opportunity.

Ethiopia has a generous water endowment of 122Bm3 of water available annually but is faced with high levels of variability, both geographically and temporally. The country currently lacks the necessary infrastructure to adequately manage this variability, and it is estimated that hydrological variability costs the Ethiopian economy 38 percent of its potential growth rate and contributes to a 25 percent increase in poverty rates. This presents risks to growth and transformation, but also to the growing interest from private investors; to the delivery of public services; and to broad-based growth that benefits all Ethiopians.