Hydro-economic analysis on the coal mining regions in Mongolia’s Gobi desert

Hydro-economic analysis on the coal mining regions in Mongolia’s Gobi desertThe economic development in Mongolia puts a strain on the water resources in areas where demand of water requires large water supplies. Hence, in some cases, water is not only a limiting factor for economic growth and development, but also an opportunity. The focus of this analysis lies on the coal mining regions Tavan Tolgoi and Nyalga Shivee Ovoo, in which many investments in coal value adding technologies, including power plants, coal washing, coal-to-liquid and coal-to-briquette, are planned. This study assesses the water demand-supply gap by 2040 in each region and prioritises implementable solutions to close the gap to allow for sustainable economic development.

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