The 2030 WRG Mongolia program was launched in 2013 at the request of the President of Mongolia to enable sustainable water resources management in the country. The Government of Mongolia partnered with the 2030 WRG to establish a Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) at the national level, the Steering Board of which is chaired by the State Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Tourism. The platform focuses on three priorities: (1) reducing water demand and augmenting supply, (2) improving water valuation and developing incentive mechanisms for sustainable water management, and (3) supporting stakeholder collaboration and capacity-building. Under these strategic themes, key partners have come together in thematic working groups to drive needed reforms.
Reducing water demand and augmenting supply – identifying cost-effective solutions via hydro-economic analyses: The program is focused on developing projects and financing for water-use efficiency within industry and mining clusters, and circular economy solutions for wastewater were explored in tandem with local partners. A consortium of PwC, Amec Foster Wheeler, and Ground-Water Solutions undertook a hydro-economic analysis of three regions: Nyalga Shivee Ovoo (mining), Tavan Tolgoi (mining), and Ulaanbaatar. Analyzing the gap in water demand and supply, the studies consolidate national and international best practices to prioritize a comprehensive evaluation framework and share recommendations for implementation. The hydro-economic analysis is being used to develop projects with local partners and mobilize finance. Results were published in 2016.
Creating the right incentives for sustainable water resource management – developing water economics and valuation of water resources: This program is focused on developing appropriate water valuation methodologies and contributing to the design and implementation of smart incentives for efficient water use and wastewater treatment across sectors. It has engaged with international and local experts on water valuation techniques and incentives to encourage the sustainable management of water. Following a detailed consultative process, the Ministry of Green Development and Tourism (MGDT) presented the new methodology to the Cabinet for approval in 2016. The improved valuation methodology recognizes customary rights and environmental values, considers water a critical input for different economic activities (mining, power generation, agriculture, manufacturing, and so on), and considers the spatial and temporal differences in the value of water. It also increases transparency for water users (especially as the valuation methodology is used to derive the water abstraction fee), making the system more robust.
Building capacity in the water sector and encouraging collaboration: The MSP’s steering board is developing integrated data. The Global Green Growth Institute is in the process of developing an integrated data base (based at the MGDT to improve access to information, public services delivery, and analysis of water data. The steering board is also bringing in various stakeholders and establishing a collective approach to setting up river basin councils, such as the Tuul River Basin Council. These local councils will be linked at the national level. Finally, the steering board is improving capacity to address technical and social issues around mining and groundwater management. The International Finance Corporation Mining Roundtable is setting up these capacity training modules.
The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) is a public, private, civil society partnership that supports country-level collaboration designed to unite diverse groups with a common interest in the sustainable management of water resources.