2030 WRG in the News
El modelo desarrollado por 2030 WRG que la Harvard Kennedy School publica es promisorio. Si se puede demostrar que funciona en el sector hídrico, es indudable que existe un enorme potencial
NEWS SOURCE: El Comercio
He advertido desde aquí, con orgullo, como Harvard Kennedy School, su renombrada Escuela de Gobierno, observa con particular interés y publica un estudio sobre una plataforma de actores múltiples que existe en el Perú y que está abocada a apoyar a los gobiernos a acelerar reformas sostenibles en torno al agua. Tengo el honor, además, de formar parte del Consejo Directivo en el Perú de esta iniciativa llamada 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG). El Perú es uno de los 11 países en los que está presente.
¿Cuál es la clave? En mi percepción, 2030 WRG ha ejecutado una metodología eficaz. Ha logrado propiciar y poner en práctica aquello que parece necesario en toda transformación social: el diálogo constructivo. Para legitimarlo ha recurrido a otro principio fundamental: el involucramiento de todos los sectores atañidos de la sociedad, compleja tarea en un tema como la gestión del agua, convocando y motivando a actores clave y con capacidad de toma de decisión. Y un elemento final e indispensable del método: una rigurosa base de evidencias y análisis.
NEWS SOURCE: Pacific Institute
Collective Action Toward Water Security in Brazil
By Abbey Warner and Giuliana Chaves Moreira
March 29, 2018
This year, the Global Compact Brazil Network and the CEO Water Mandate organized an event to bring together the Brazilian private sector, government, NGOs, and other organizations seeking to address water risks in Brazil to discuss water security challenges and solutions. The event, titled “Collaboration for Water Security in Brazil,” took place on March 19, in parallel with the 8th World Water Forum in Brasília, Brazil.
One significant outcome of the event was the partnership announced between the Global Compact Brazil Net, the CEO Water Mandate, and the 2030 Water Resources Group in São Paulo. Since mid-2017, the 2030 Water Resources Group has been working to advance water security in São Paulo through projects to reuse effluents from domestic sewage treatment stations and projects to improve the performance of sanitation services in small and medium-sized municipalities. The partnership formed during the 8th World Water Forum event will focus on advancing water security in Brazil through water reuse and the circular economy.
It will take coordinated action from a variety of stakeholders, including the private sector, government, and civil society, to meaningfully advance water security in Brazil. The Water Action Hub provides companies and others with the ability to connect to projects happening near them or find potential partners for future water stewardship action.
Davos, Switzerland – 25 Jan 2018
This article is part of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting and is written by Elsa Galarza Contreras, Ministry of Environment of Peru and Jane Nelson, Director, Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Harvard Kennedy School
Water insecurity poses one of the greatest risks and leadership challenges of our generation. It threatens the well-being and livelihoods of millions of people. It has started to undermine food, energy and industrial production and damage economic growth prospects in many countries. It raises the spectre of failing systems, large-scale involuntary migration, political instability and conflict.
Demand for water is expected to exceed supply by 40% by 2030. New technologies, financing mechanisms, delivery models, voluntary standards and policy and regulatory innovations will be required to address this growing gap. Governments must take the lead in enabling these activities and making tough choices to allocate water resources among different uses and users. To be effective, however, they will need to consult and cooperate more strategically with stakeholders in business and civil society.
In the absence of such collaboration, it will be impossible to achieve the type of technical, behavioral and political changes that are needed to improve water governance at global and national levels, as well as in water management and local use. The 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) demonstrates what is possible.
The 2030 WRG was established in 2008 as an informal consortium of some of the World Economic Forum’s members, including the IFC, McKinsey & Company, the Barilla Group, The Coca-Cola Company, Nestlé, New Holland Agriculture, SABMiller, Standard Chartered Bank and Syngenta. Today, it has evolved into a multidimensional, public-private partnership with country-led implementation platforms at its core. Hosted by the World Bank Group, its mission is “to help countries achieve water security by 2030 by facilitating collective action between government, the private sector and civil society”.
Through multistakeholder platforms in 14 countries and states, some 600 organizations from different sectors are working together on projects and policy reforms with support from the 2030 WRG team. They range from operational projects, such as agricultural, industrial and municipal water use efficiency, to strategic initiatives, such as urban-industrial security and river basin governance.
The collaborative approach has helped to build trusted relationships between different sectors as well as across silos within government and industry. In Peru, for example, five ministers serve on the country’s WRG steering board. The highest levels of government have made commitments in Bangladesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. In South Africa and Mongolia, agricultural, mining and manufacturing companies are cooperating individually and through industry associations. Efforts are underway to increase engagement with civil society organizations, farmers and citizens.
The evolution of the 2030 WRG has not been without setbacks and challenges. Some initiatives have been disbanded and others adapted in response to changes in leadership, external evaluations and shared experimentation and learning. As 2030 WRG approaches its 10th anniversary, the model reflects five early lessons for leaders working on water security and other complex, systemic challenges:
- Government in the lead: The multistakeholder approach offers an alternative to what has primarily been a public sector role when ultimate responsibility still rests with government. A core priority of the approach is to help address the capacity gaps and overcome the political constraints that many governments face in managing water resources effectively and transparently.
- Local ownership and collaboration from business and civil society: Greater inclusion and decision-making by local business and civic leaders have been essential in identifying shared priorities, designing feasible solutions and creating the incentives and buy-in needed for implementation.
- A combined focus on data and analysis, stakeholder dynamics and the political economy of change: The 2030 WRG has learned the importance of balancing rigorous data and a technical understanding of water challenges with an appreciation of the institutional and political context. In addition to highlighting water security as a potential constraint on economic growth, it considers social and environmental concerns to generate a sense of shared urgency among diverse stakeholder interests.
- Strong ‘backbone support’: A challenge of many multistakeholder platforms is that they unite parties who are at best unfamiliar and at worst distrustful of each other. Backbone support from a team that has the ability to stimulate, coordinate and support collaboration among such parties is essential. It requires a combination of technical expertise alongside the ability to think long-term, live with uncertainty, and learn and adapt along the way.
- Vital roles for individual champions: Individual leaders have been essential to the evolution of the 2030 WRG. They have ranged from government ministers to corporate CEOs and practitioners from the participating organizations. Many have taken real, personal risk, investing their time, effort, influence, networks and, in some cases, reputation as vocal supporters for a collective effort they do not control and the outcomes of which are uncertain.
The 2030 WRG offers a promising approach to tackling the complex, systemic challenges of achieving water security and resolving shortages in the world’s most essential resource. If it can demonstrate the effectiveness of systems leadership and collaboration in the water sector, there will be enormous potential for this kind of approach to have a broader role in expediting progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.
This draws on the findings of a report on the 2030 Water Resources Group published by the Corporate Responsibility Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School.
Group studies the economics of water, and is worried
Mongolia has two major water consumption areas – Ulaanbaatar and the southern Gobi region. The first has population pressure, while the second is where mining and economic activity will become more and more intense. The 2030 Water Resources Group recently conducted a hydro-economic survey of the two areas, and its reports on them contain water consumption growth forecasts, potential water resource availability, and such questions of supply and demand.
Read the interview with 2030 WRG Mongolia Representative Dorjsuren Dechinlkhundev on the Mongolian Mining Journal:
Below is a list of online articles that covered the launch of Maharashtra’s ‘Multi-Stakeholder Platform’ for Transformative Solutions in Water Resources Management:
By Beatriz Merino
I was recently invited to attend the handing over of the first Blue Certificate – an innovative state program promoting the voluntary water footprint measuring of private companies. Specifically
this footprint is an indicator that defines the total amount of water used to produce goods and services. Interestingly it takes into consideration both the direct and indirect consumption in the whole productive process. Thus, namely a cup of coffee entails the utilization of 140 liters of water and making a cotton shirt 500 liters of it. That’s its water footprint.
The mentioned Certificate of the National Water Authority (ANA for its acronym in Spanish)
promotes that the companies know about the water consumption and its processes and by doing so, they commit to the necessary actions in order to reduce it. I frequently hear mentioning that it’s difficult to know how to contribute to the preservation of nature and its resources. Here is a so very tangible initiative for this. It’s simple, efficient, accurate and available.
We know the reasons why it’s so imperative to take care of the water. However, beyond saving and preserving it, this venture turns out to be particularly valuable for the commitment that involves these companies assignment with the sustainable management of the resources, and that is remarkable.
Within the complex reality as it is ours (Lima is a desert) for the water resources management and in a complex scenario after El Niño, it’s rewarding to spot how some initiatives are emerging, which for their simplicity and scalability call up several sectors of the society and have them come together, such as: the state, the private sector, and the international cooperation.
This program that is supported by the 2030 Water Resources Group’s Board of Directors in Peru aligns with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, to the OCDE’s water governance, but above all, it shares the government vision to count on safe water and to achieve a water and sanitation supply for all the Peruvians towards year 2021.
We already have one first company with the Blue Certificate in hand, and eight on their way to get
it. From here, I encourage other companies to get involved and to participate. It’s good to recall
Antoine de Saint Exupéry: “the essential is invisible to the eye”.
News Source: Terra Green (July 2017)
Over the past few decades, man has made all possible attempts to conquer the rivers by blocking them off with long embankments, dams, barrages, channels, crossroads, short-length bridges, and physical structures, all leading to deteriorating river conditions. People, unaware of the dire consequences, have treated rivers as a means of dumping all kinds of garbage. Biba Jasmine and Annelieke Laninga feel that River Harnandi (Hindon) is no exception to these atrocities! They highlight that given the gravity of the situation, various approaches towards rejuvenating the Hindon River are adopting ecological measures (particularly, the ‘Hindon Yatra’ exhibition and symposium series) that aim to effectively stall deterioration and reduce pollution.
With the aim to involve stakeholders from different backgrounds in reviving the Hindon river basin, a ‘Hindon Yatra’ exhibition and symposium series was initiated by the 2030 WRG and its partners. The aim was to endorse a common vision and demonstrate good practices to inspire and motivate actors from all sectors to prepare a basin-wide action plan with positive action towards collectively achieving a healthy river basin.
A Secretaria de Saneamento e Recursos Hídricos do Estado de São Paulo assinou Memorando de Entendimento (MoU) com a Corporação Financeira Internacional (IFC), entidade do grupo do Banco Mundial que é a implementadora do 2030 Grupo de Recursos Hídricos (WRG). Esta, por sua vez, é uma plataforma multiatores para tratar de questões relacionadas à água e acelerar reformas que garantam a sustentabilidade no gerenciamento de recursos hídricos.
O memorando assinado garante o interesse mútuo da SSRH e a IFC de trabalhar para o intercâmbio de experiências e melhores práticas em matérias de desenvolvimento, gestão e proteção dos recursos hídricos. “Temos muito interesse em desenvolver projetos e trocar experiências na questão de recursos hídricos, notadamente na questão de controle de cheias, um problema que afeta diretamente a Grande São Paulo”, apontou o secretário Benedito Braga.
A assinatura é um passo inicial de aproximação para definição de áreas de interesse e possíveis projetos de cooperação. Além do secretário Benedito Braga, participaram da solenidade Anders Berntell, diretor executivo do 2030 Grupo de Recursos Hídricos/IFC, a secretária adjunta da SSRH Mônica Porto, o representante da IFC para a América Latina César Fonseca, a representante da IFC para São Paulo Stela Goldenstein e a coordenadora de projetos da IFC Júlia Cadaval Martins.
News Source: The News Minute
The Karnataka multi-stakeholder platform for water (Karnataka MSP-water) was launched in Bengaluru on Tuesday.
Karnataka today faces a shortage of 950 tmc (one thousand million cubic feet) of water. Population growth and urbanization are projected to widen the urban water demand-supply gap from 24% in 2011 to 58% in 2030. Within the industrial sector, water demand is expected to triple by 2030, with half the additional demand coming from the power sector.
Looking at this scenario, in a unique initiative, the state government has entered into an agreement with the 2030 Water Resources Group (WRG) to bring about large-scale transformation in water resources management.
The 2030 WRG is a public-private-civil society collaboration, launched in 2008. Its mission is to help countries achieve water security by 2030, by facilitating collective action on water by involving the government, private sector and civil society.
To this end, the Karnataka multi-stakeholder platform for water (Karnataka MSP-water) was launched in Bengaluru on Tuesday, with representatives from public sector, private sector and civil society.
The steering board, which will be the apex body overseeing work, will have less than 50% seats reserved for the government. It will consist of multiple work streams, sub-divided into task forces.
The three key focus areas of the partnership are: innovative financing and implementation models to promote drip irrigation for the state’s sugarcane farmers in collaboration with sugar mills, financial institutions and the farming community; providing market linkages between the farming community and agri-business community; and promotion of the re-use of treated urban wastewater, through a policy framework and the establishment of a Resource Centre.
Arvind Galagally of the KLE Technical University said that there is a competing use of resources with diversification of industries in rural and urban areas and diversification in the needs and use of water. With the rains becoming erratic and due to various factors like climate change and global warming, supply is diminishing rapidly.
“On the administration side, there are multiple stakeholders and to bring them under one umbrella was the objective. The WRG 2030 group has been instrumental in bringing together all these bodies for efficient use of available water resources, particularly in agriculture, which uses up to 85% of water,” he said.
Flow irrigation being currently used in agriculture leads to wastage of water and ill health of soil. A suitable alternative is drip irrigation whose efficiency is 85% to 90% as compared to 40-45% for flow irrigation, he added.
The drip irrigation project in Ramthal started off as a pilot project covering 24,000 hectares and is now ready to be scaled up with more than 15,000 farmers already covered under this scheme. We involve the farmers right from concept to commissioning and encourage them to change from low value to high value crops, Galagally said.
“Ramthal is the largest community-driven drip irrigation system in the world today,” he added.
Bastiaan Mohrmann, Co-Lead, Asia and Middle East, 2030 WRG, said, “Our work is based on collaboration among governments, financial institutions, non-governmental organisations, civil society agencies and companies to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030.”
“How to scale up pilot projects is the key, especially to get through regulatory barriers, financial barriers and we need to generate solutions. We want to transform the sector,” he added.
Livemint – 24 May 2017, Bengaluru: The Karnataka government on Tuesday said that it will take up at least 30,000 acres of sugarcane farming land under drip irrigation for a pilot project to highlight the advantages of the low water intensive agricultural practices in the backdrop of unreliable monsoon seasons and resulting droughts leading to increase in the gap between demand and supply of the precious resource.
Karnataka, which accounts for 10% of the total sugarcane produce in the country, has about 1 million acres of sugarcane under cultivation, of which around 300,000 acres are canal irrigated.
“Agriculture accounts for nearly 85% of the water consumed in the state and any incremental efficiency leads to huge savings,” said Aravind Galagali, director of Krishna Bhagya Jala Nigam Ltd (KBJNL)-a state government owned body responsible for planning, investigation, execution and operation all irrigation projects coming under the Upper Krishna Project.
Reeling under its second consecutive drought year and resulting water shortages, the Karnataka government has been investing resources to reduce water consumption by the agricultural sector and promoting drought resistant alternatives like millets.
The state has over 50% of its entire area classified as drought prone and is also home to the second most arid region in the country.
The state government has been carrying out pilots in efficient water usage through projects like Ramthal drip irrigation project-touted to be the largest in the world benefitting over 15,000 farmers and 24,000 hectares.
Announcing the launch of a multi stakeholder platform between the state government and Water Resources Group 2030 on Tuesday, experts said that the rapidly growing population will see the urban water demand-supply grow from 24% in 2011 to 58% in 2030 if more efficient agricultural practices are not adopted at the earliest.
“Protecting the world’s water resources is a shared responsibility. Our work is based on collaboration among governments, financial institutions, non-governmental organisations, civil society agencies, and companies to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030,” said Bastiaan Mohrmann, co-lead Asia and Middle East for 2030WRG, an advisory group that is trying to bring public-private-civil society collaboration on sustainable uses of water.
The pilot project, expected to commence around October, will cost around Rs 1.25 lakh per acre. Galagali said that KBJNL and other agencies have recommended that Rs 85,000 for infrastructure like pumps and pipes be borne by the government and Rs 40,000 by the farmer.
He added that the government has spoken to sugarcane farmers, sugar manufacturing companies and banks on the issue to help fund the farmers share of the contribution. Galagali said that sugar manufacturers have agreed to partially guarantee the loans availed by farmers for the proposed project.
B.G. Gurupadaswamy, secretary to Karnataka’s water resources department, said that they had to show the benefits of drip irrigation to farmers for the community-over 75 lakh in the state-to adopt these practices. He said that drip irrigation in sugarcane has been proven to increase the yield by 25-30%, translate into higher returns and result in higher water savings for the state.
Mohrmann added that the platform is also promoting drip-to-market agri corridor cluster concept where drip irrigation infrastructure will be connected to sustainable offtake in partnership with buyers for the produce.