Peru Country progress report
The mechanisms to encourage participation between the private sector and the government of Peru are varied: from public-private partnerships, emergency decrees that involve the private sector, to an innovative mechanism created a few years ago called Works for Taxes, which basically allows businesses to deduct the taxes they have with the State in exchange for investing similar amounts in projects that directly benefit the population.
The scheme is a win-win situation as it enables the State to be present in underserved areas of the country, generating employment and accelerating through participation of the private sector the processes that would take much more time if undertaken unilaterally. Similarly, the private sector is useful for the revenue it gives, the reduced gaps in the infrastructure, the improved welfare and quality of life of the population, its reputation, the relationship with the surrounding communities, among others.
2030 WRG in Peru has been analyzing these modalities and promoting multi-sector synergies to establish efficient, coordinated and sustainable partnerships. It has agreements with the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation, as well as with the Ministry of Agriculture to strengthen these partnerships with the private sector.
A recent example of this work was the high-level working breakfast organized by 2030 WRG on May 6 with representatives of the State, the private sector, the academia, the civil society and the community to find the best alternative and sustainable solutions for a water treatment program of great potential in the Amazon that deserves to be continued and replicated.
Days before, a field visit made up of members of the Board of 2030 WRG and representatives of the private sector bodies and civil society visited water treatment modules-implemented by the Inclam Group at the request of the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation of Peru- in small communities in the Peruvian jungle. The leader of the community shared the advances that the access to drinking water has meant for his community and the other 64 neighbouring communities in reducing illnesses, giving dignity to its environment and improving its quality of life.
The mission was pleasantly surprised to see how with few resources substantial improvements could be achieved to the quality of life of the population through access to safe water. However, it was also learned that the financing of this project culminates at the end of 2016, with the adverse health implications that implies. With a view to finding a sustainable and lasting solution, a high-level working breakfast was held.
The breakfast was useful for evaluating the concrete alternatives that would enable the project to continue through mechanisms that include the direct participation and support of the private sector. The most notable alternatives were: extend in the new government the emergency decree for at least two years which would allow the program to be carried out; present in the medium-term a public subsidy policy for the most remote communities; and evaluate alternatives for maintenance and operation, for example through PPPs and Works for Taxes.
It was also proposed to establish a communal business management approach, evaluating other alternative technologies, as well as analyzing of costs and justifying them. The success of this venture and its continuity requires close coordination with those actors involved, and building trust and commitment with the communities and federations with which it works.
Less than a week after the meeting was held, there are new potential partners, and there have been interest from some actors for the sustainability of the project, including the interest of one company to finance the maintenance of installation modules.
This meeting to assist concrete solutions to specific community problems was facilitated by the 2030 WRG Working Groups in Peru.
A series of symposiums on River Rejuvenation & Water Resource Management will be held in the State of Uttar Pradesh (India) from end of June until end of August. It is accompanied by an inspiring multi-media exhibition to showcase local efforts made to rejuvenate one of the most polluted rivers in the Ganga basin, the River Hindon. “The traveling exhibition – so-called Hindon Yatra – demonstrates the power of multi-stakeholder approaches to river rejuvenation and provides a common platform for divergent groups to address local challenges”, says Siddhartha Prakash (Uttar Pradesh State Representative at 2030 WRG in India).
A participatory tributary approach to river rejuvenation is gaining momentum across the country. Recent examples include the water quality monitoring stations of National Mission for Clean Ganga, World Wildlife Fund’s vision on cleaning up the Ramganga River in Uttar Pradesh, the Noyyal River Restoration Federation in Tamil Nadu and the ‘Punjab Model’ of the Kali Bein rivulet. The Hindon River, which is a tributary of the Yamuna River, originates in the Saharanpur district at the foothills of the Shivalik range and flows across the industrial belt of Western Uttar Pradesh before discharging into the Yamuna River in Noida. Due to urban, agricultural, and industrial waste which is being released without sufficient treatment into its waters, the Hindon is now one of the most polluted stretches in the Ganga basin.
Vision development for river rejuvenation
Ensuring continuous and unpolluted flow in the Hindon River and its tributaries is in the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh’ list of priorities. For this purpose a vision document is being prepared with the Department of Irrigation & Water Resources as nodal agency. Target is to achieve tangible outcomes through projects in the basin. To guide implementation from a strategic, timely and budgetary standpoint, a Steering Committee headed by the State’s Chief Secretary is being formed.
From Vision to Action
The Hindon Yatra platform serves to unite divergent stakeholders, seek inputs for vision development and capture local best practices to develop larger projects for river rejuvenation. NGOs, industry, academia, local administration and the government of Uttar Pradesh will demonstrate how their collective efforts can serve as a model for participatory approaches in the Ganga basin and beyond.
Expert advisors comprising of senior leaders in the agricultural, industrial, domestic and ecological sectors are guiding the compilation of good practices from the Hindon basin into a compendium and multi-media exhibition. Examples of initiatives include topics such as solid waste management, composting and organic farming, agri-water use efficiency, water treatment technologies and recycling of waste water and groundwater recharge. Demonstrating good practices may inspire and encourage stakeholder groups and inhabitants in the basin to collaborate and undertake further actions going forward.
While 2030 Water Resources Group serves as secretariat, logistics, financial and in kind support will be provided by the stakeholders involved as participants and owners of the process.
What we can learn from the Ruaha experience about our options for tackling water scarcity
It is a testament to the wealth of environment riches in Africa that a national park of 20,000 square kilometers – half the size of the Netherlands, more than twice the size of Yellowstone – can remain relatively unknown. This is the case with the Ruaha National Park in Southern Tanzania. In fact, even fewer of us may have heard of the Ruaha were it not for the fact that the river that feeds the park, the Greater Ruaha, has been drying up.
Blogpost written by Will Davies, 2030 WRG Regional Lead Africa, and Onesmo Sigalla, 2030 WRG Tanzania Country Representative.
Historically, this 300 mile river would consistently flow year round, but in 1993 the river dried up for the first time for a period of three weeks. By 1999 this had reached three months. In 2008 the documentary “Surviving the Drought”, which highlighted the plight of the park’s wildlife, notably its estimated 10,000 elephants, brought the park to the attention of a wider public. But the decline in water levels has continued unabated, with record low flows reported in 2012/13, and in some cases dry spells being reported even during the wet season.
The factors underlying this trend are both well known, and familiar. Rapid population growth in the catchment, and the country as a whole, has led to dramatic increases in demand for agricultural land, and consequent impacts on water, in particular via increased irrigation. For those interested in more detail, read the excellent “Water resources system analysis for the Usangu Plains and its subbasins” (2015) by Rikard Liden in the Global Water Practice. A particular challenge in the Ruaha is suitability of the flood plains for rice, a high-demand crop in Tanzania usually grown via water-intensive flood irrigation methods, with extremely inefficient traditional water abstraction and conveyance systems (especially for smallholders). Much has been written on this topic. In the international press, the voice of the environment is perhaps heard the loudest, with emphasis placed on the need to secure the priceless ecological assets of the catchment. In conversations in Tanzania, the weight of opinion differs, with a stronger emphasis on the importance of food security and livelihoods.
This challenge is illustrative of the raison d’être of the 2030 Water Resources Group. We bring together key stakeholders impacted by water stress, from across the public sector, private sector and civil society, to overcome these kinds of “tragedy of the commons” scenarios that so often occur in the water resource sector. In 2013, we were invited by the Government of Tanzania to set up a Tanzania 2030 Water Resources Group partnership, to drive collective solutions to address the growing gap between water demand and supply in the country.
The solutions being discussed in the context of the Great Ruaha Restoration Campaign, a new catchment level multi-stakeholder initiative convened by the Tanzania 2030 WRG partnership, fall into three broad categories:
Increasing water productivity in agriculture
More people equals more demand for food. But the water we need to grow that food is finite. So we need to grow more with less, or generate “more crop per drop”. The word productivity, rather than efficiency, is used deliberately, as hydrologists will rightly debate what “water consumption” means and whether, for example, flood irrigation is inefficient if the water that is not absorbed by the crops returns to the environment. What is clear is that in many cases, as in the Ruaha, the use of more productive irrigation methods, such as drip and sprinkler systems, as well as other water-maximizing farming practices can increase agricultural productivity while reducing the amount of water that needs to be abstracted, thereby allowing the farmer to grow more with less.
This inevitably leads to the question of how to finance “modern” irrigation technologies which, while more productive, are also more capital intensive; a big challenge for cash-strapped smallholder farmers. This is a challenge we are tackling through the 2030 WRG, not just in Tanzania but also in Karnataka (India) and Kenya. This topic is worthy of a future article in itself, so watch this space.
Dealing with trade offs
Secondly, while water productivity is often the easiest starting point, water scarcity may ultimately require harder decisions to be made around water allocations. For example, it is not economically rational to be operating hydropower plants on the Ruaha river well below their operating capacity on account of lower value abstraction of water upstream for irrigation. Likewise, increasing irrigation productivity may not solve the environmental challenge if the “savings” are simply used to expand further land under irrigation downstream.
The challenge here, of course, is that water allocations are motivated by cultural and political, as well as economic, considerations. Getting the balance right ultimately requires some level of adjudication or “refereeing” between sectors – i.e. ensuring that the interests of the energy, agriculture and tourism sectors collectively represent the optimal outcome for the country. Making this work in practice is a major challenge for any country, and represents an important value add that 2030 WRG can play, given its role in convening stakeholders from across sectors, both public and private. Indeed, the planned Great Ruaha Restoration Campaign is being set up with this cross-sector coordination objective in mind.
It should also be noted that effective regulation is a pre-condition for effective allocation decisions. If no one is monitoring or enforcing water abstractions in the first place, then discussions around allocations across sectors and water using groups can only go so far. Hence, as in the case of the Ruaha, strengthening monitoring and regulation of permits is vital, as is getting the incentives for monitoring and enforcement right, in a context of politically-viable pricing (again a topic worthy of longer discussion).
Another category of solutions to the challenges in the Ruaha lie in infrastructure. The recent “Integrated Water Resources Management and Development Plan” for the Rujiji Basin (within which the Ruaha lies) strongly recommends increasing agricultural water productivity, but also the construction of larger infrastructure to allow for large scale storage of water, and hence regulation of dry season flows. Additional infrastructure is certainly an important part of the puzzle, especially in countries, like Tanzania, with very low aggregate water storage capacity. However, raising any level of commercial finance for such projects is inevitably challenging, given the public nature of most benefits, and hence such projects generally have to wait for large scale concessional funding to come available. In the meantime, hydro-economic research by 2030 WRG shows that, in many cases, demand side solutions offer better cost-benefit returns than capital intensive supply side interventions.
2030 WRG recently joined the biennial WISA conference hosted in Durban by the Water Institute of Southern Africa (WISA), where the Strategic Water Partners Network (SWPN) hosted a session jointly with the Department for Water and Sanitation (DWS) focused on the ‘No Drop certification’. The WISA 2016 Conference and Exhibition gathered nearly 2000 water practitioners and researchers from across South Africa and with international delegations representing countries such as Denmark, the Netherlands and the USA. Main themes covered included: industrial water and effluent, mine water, wastewater, development planning and institutional affairs.
The purpose of SWPN’s session on the No Drop certification was to provide an overview of the status of non-revenue water and water losses in municipal water systems in South Africa, using the No Drop methodology. The No Drop Certification has been co-developed by the SWPN, its’ private sector partners and the DWS, to provide a certification for water use efficiency and water loss management. The No Drop thus complements previous incentive-based regulation such as the ‘Blue Drop certification’ for drinking water quality management and the ‘Green Drop certification’ for wastewater services regulation. Overall, this well-attended session provided an overview of water losses, NRW and water use efficiency drawing from the 2014 No Drop assessment results. It further highlighted the water loss status of municipalities in South Africa, alongside providing a road map for the coming years of implementation.
The session was opened by Ms. Lindiwe Lusenga, Deputy Director-General for the International Water Cooperation at the DWS, who reiterated the value of collaboration in developing the No Drop as a key tool to drive South Africa’s “War on Leaks” programme and in addressing today’s challenges of non-revenue water. She further highlighted the critical role of water loss management in achieving the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) focusing on long term sustainable water and sanitation provision. A presentation was made on the results of the No Drop assessment consolidated and concluded in 2015, by Willem Wegelin from WRP Consulting Engineers who was a key role player in the development of the No Drop score card. The results demonstrated a certain level of progress in the reduction of non-revenue water particularly within the metropolitan municipalities, however with significant variation in performance at municipal level across the nation. The results further highlighted the significant scope for improvements in reporting levels, data accuracy, NRW targeted activities and improved efficiency, as outlined in the released ‘2016 No Drop Report – Benchmarking of Water Loss, Water Use Efficiency and Non-Revenue Water in South African Municipalities’.
Tony Ceronio, from CSV Water Consulting Engineers, further provided an overview of how the No Drop Progress Assessment Tool (PAT) can be used to gauge progress with less extensive auditing requirements. This tool allows for an annual measurement of progress which will allow time to implement measures in between the more rigorous biennial audits. Following this, Marlene van der Merwe-Botha from the Water Group, and Moloko Raletjena from DWS provided the regulatory perspective on the value of the No Drop certification alongside the road map for its’ implementation over the coming ten years. In 2016, the No Drop Risk Rating – through the PAT – will be done in all municipalities, whilst the full No Drop audit will be done in 2017 for all metropolitan municipalities (with a 5-criteria No Drop audit to be rolled out for the remainder of municipalities). From 2018 and onwards, biennial No Drop audits will be done using a differentiated approach, with a strong capacity building component offered for the municipalities in need of support.
A discussion around how to best support municipalities to achieve the requirements of the No Drop certification followed, facilitated by Mr. Sanjeev Raghubir from Nestlé, in his capacity as Chair of the SWPN working group on Water Use Efficiency and Leakage Reduction. Finally, the release of the No Drop report was officially announced by Ms. Raletjena. The full report will be released online Monday 23 May. In closing, Zama Siqalaba provided insights to opportunities for public-private sector collaboration, such as mentoring on water use efficiency, and welcomed municipalities to reach out to leverage the expertise of the private sector in joint efforts to address the issue of non-revenue water moving forward. Printed copies of the overarching report were made available to the workshop participants by the SWPN on site.
For additional information on WISA 2016, please visit their website http://www.wisa2016.org.za.
May 11, 2016 – The South Africa Strategic Water Partners Network (SWPN) recently hosted the ministerial budget vote networking and private sector feedback session. This session was attended by the the South African Minister, Deputy Minister and Director-General of South Africa’s Department of Water and Sanitation DWS ) amongst other participants and chaired by Zama Siqalaba, SWPN Program Coordinator. Nandha Govender also attended to support the event on behalf of the SWPN Manco.
Zama Siqalaba chaired the event on behalf of the SWPN and gave a brief overview of the network. Very concise and positive reflections were given by varying sector representatives with which the SWPN could strengthen partnerships and make new connections.
As stipulated in the program, the presenters included the NBI, Microsoft, WWF, CSIR, WRC, Green Youth Indaba, Mr Lulu Johnson (Chairperson of the Water and Sanitation Portfolio in parliament) and last but not least comments and closing remarks from the Deputy Minister and Minister. The SWPN also got an opportunity to make some remarks on the budget speech before the closing remarks from the principles.
The Minister and Deputy Minister spoke passionately about the huge role that private sector can play in the following areas:
- Driving transformation in the water sector
- Prioritizing making an impact on the ground in terms of accelerated water service delivery
- Partnering with government on big infrastructure programs such as desalination, increasing water storage capacity and building the water industry
- Manufacturing local infrastructure fittings and parts to reduce imported fittings
- The creation of integrated human settlements with functional and efficient water infrastructure starting in Lions Park and the West Rand
- Sharing of information and best practice – eradicating the silo mentality
In their closing remarks, both the Minister and the Deputy Minister publicly acknowledged the SWPN and its partnership with the Department. The Minister stated the SWPN remains the best public private partnership platform in the world and encouraged all stakeholders to come on board and join the SWPN to increase the private sector partnership with government. The event was a great platform to engage the water boards and high profile leaders in the water sector. The contacts made with the parliamentary members can only strengthen the partnership between private sector and government and we hope to capitalize on these engagements for other upcoming events such as the SWPN water stewardship event to grow the water family which is high on the Minister’s agenda.
Lima, Peru, April, 27, 2016 – The 2030 Water Resources Group took part in the Sustainable Management Expo 2016 organized by the Peru 2021 association and Pontifical Catholic University of Peru from 27 to 29 April.
This event brought together, through the wide patronage of Peru 2021, a large number of companies to showcase their achievements and progress in sustainable management of their operations. It was a suitable stage for 2030 WRG to establish closer relations with stakeholders in the private sector, showing the progress in terms of sustainable water management and having a greater presence at the local level.
Participation was through an interactive stand by which the attendees could learn in an enjoyable way the importance of caring for water resources and the role played by the State, the private sector and citizens in water conservation. The general theme of the Sustainable Expo was the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations (SDG), and in particular goal 6 on Clean Water and Sanitation.
Aquafondo, German cooperation (GIZ), and Peru 2021, allies of 2030 WRG in Peru worked together for its implementation. Sustainable Management Expo 2016.
News Source: World Bank Group and United Nations
WASHINGTON, DC, April 21, 2016 – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim announced today the appointment of 10 Heads of State and Government, as well as two Special Advisors, to the High-Level Panel on Water.
The Panel, which was launched at the World Economic Forum in Davos last January, aims to mobilize effective action to accelerate the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), which focuses on ensuring the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all, at a time of unprecedented challenges.
“Ensuring water and sanitation for all is crucial for reducing poverty and achieving other Sustainable Development Goals,” said United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon. “I urge all partners to mobilize behind SDG 6 with political, financial and technological support.”
Today, more than 2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation and at least 663 million do not have access to safe drinking water. Poor sanitation, water, and hygiene lead to about 675,000 premature deaths annually, and estimated annual economic losses of up to 7% of GDP in some countries. Floods and droughts already impose huge social and economic costs around the world, and climate variability will make water extremes worse. If the world continues on its current path, projections suggest that the world may face a 40% shortfall in water availability by 2030. The consequences of such stress are local, transboundary and global in today’s interconnected world.
The joint United Nations and World Bank Group High-level Panel on Water will provide the leadership required to tackle these challenges and champion a comprehensive, inclusive and collaborative way of developing and managing water resources, and providing improved access to clean water and sanitation.
“Growing cities and populations, as well as a changing climate, are placing unprecedented pressures on our water resources,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “Addressing this challenge, and ensuring that we can provide clean water and sanitation for all, requires the kind of global action, strong leadership and commitment shown by the members of the High Level Panel on Water.”
The High Level Panel on Water will be co-chaired by President Ameenah Gurib of Mauritius and President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico. Among other actions, it will seek to:
- Motivate effective Action – Focusing public policy dialogue, private sector models and practices, and civil society initiatives towards the Water SDG; and
- Advocate on financing and implementation – Promoting efforts to mobilize financial resources and scale-up investment for the Water SDG, including through innovative financing and implementation strategies.
The Members of the High-level Panel on Water are expected to rally concrete action on SDG6 and its related targets at national, regional and global levels, as well as leading by example, in close collaboration with partners and networks including civil society and the private sector.
The Panel members, who will serve for two years, include:
H.E. Ms. Ameenah Gurib, President of Mauritius (Co-Chair)
H.E. Mr. Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico (Co-Chair)
H.E. Mr. Malcolm Turnbull, Prime Minister of Australia
H.E. Ms. Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh
H.E. Mr. János Áder, President of Hungary
H.E. Mr. Abdullah Ensour, Prime Minister of Jordan
H.E. Mr. Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands
H. E. Mr. Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa
H.E. Mr. Macky Sall, President of Senegal
H. E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, President of Tajikistan
Dr. Han Seung-soo, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea
Mr. Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Minister of State for the Environment, Peru
What the Members of the High Level Panel on Water Have to Say:
President Ameenah Gurib-Fakim of Mauritius (co-chair):
Water is life. Access to clean water and sanitation is part of our human rights.
President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico (co-chair):
For Mexico, the High Level Panel on Water represents a historical and unprecedented opportunity to promote the recognition of water as an essential transversal element and the basis for the development and welfare of all our Nations. This multilateral initiative stands for the commitment of worldwide leaders to foster existing efforts and generate new dynamics, promoting the water and sanitation SDG’s within the 2030 agenda.
Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull of Australia:
I welcome the opportunity to join the United Nations/World Bank Group High Level Panel on Water. Countries around the world are facing critical choices on how to allocate water across society, the economy and the environment in the face of the profound impacts of climate change. Australia will make a substantial contribution to the Panel, drawing on our experience and innovative approach to managing scarce water supplies, and the assistance we have given to other countries facing growing uncertainty about supplies of fresh water.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh:
The other name of water is life. Water is not only indispensable to human life, but also essential for personal well-being, food production, and conservation of nature. I am very optimistic seeing the level of awareness in this regard globally.
Securing water is about ensuring a life of dignity and well-being for people at the bottom. To ensure that, we need to act robustly by addressing the water-related challenges in all their complexities: inequality in access to water and sanitation; precarious health of rivers and wetlands; sustainable use of freshwater resources. Rising incidence of water-related disasters induced by climate change challenges us further. Water security is crucial also because our countries are rapidly getting urbanized. It is about making our societies and nations reap the transformative opportunities arising out of the 2030 Agenda. In attaining their water security, the low-income and climate-vulnerable countries need support.
We need pragmatic thinking, bold decision and action in our approaches and solutions over water e.g. how to secure balance between competing demands over water resources; how to adopt a balanced conservation and use across natural water eco-systems that transcend borders; how we develop and facilitate access to water-intensive technologies across communities and countries to save lives and livelihoods. The solutions and innovations should be such that these help secure water as a global common to the benefit of ordinary people.
President János Áder of Hungary:
Water is the most critical natural resource of the 21st century. Our development, the well-being, food, health and peace of our children will depend on how quickly we shift for a sustainable pathway of managing our water resources. We see the goals, but the road of transformation still needs to be charted. We are racing against the time but also against the consequences of our habits and earlier practices.
Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour of Jordan:
To achieve a sustainable world in near future. Safe and Fresh Water must be available to meet every person’s needs through reliable and affordable water supply and sanitation service.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte of the Netherlands:
Water is life, and we must value our water right, like we learned and practice in the Netherlands in an inclusive, comprehensive and collaborative way to tackle the complex water crises of too much, too little and polluted water effectively, efficient and with real added value for all.
President Macky Sall of Senegal:
Senegal subscribes to the international development agenda for 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals, just as it worked toward achieving Millennium Development Goals before that. The right to water and sanitation is now recognized as a basic human right and is included in the new version of the Water Law currently being presented at the National Assembly. Senegal therefore welcomes the creation of a High Level Water Panel and I’m delighted to join the team convened by the United Nations and the World Bank Group to back this strategic body.
We are aware that Financing and Hydrodiplomacy are two major issues with increasingly growing interest in the framework of the SDGs roadfile. Hence, we would be very delighted to see these questions be raised as big priorities since Senegal is supporting a Blue Fund Initiative and has also capitalized a lot of experience in water cooperation, peace and transboundary water resources management.
President Emomali Rahmon of Tajikistan
I hope that the High-Level Panel on Water which is created by the initiative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the President of the World Bank will play an important role in consolidation of all efforts and coordination of effective implementation of the initiatives of the international community, including the declaration of the New Water Decade “ Water for sustainable development” on the different level.
Dedication of separate goal on water related issues in the SDGs itself is the invaluable substance to the sustainable development of the world community.
President Jacob Zuma of South Africa:
We have a single opportunity to change the narrative of water into one that pursues a positive economic and social developmental path in a sustainable and equitable manner for all of humanity and the world.
Dr. Han Seung-soo, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (Special Advisor):
Comprehensive solution to diverse water problems such as vicious cycle of water and poverty, transboundary water conflict, and mega water-related disasters is the top political issue in this century. The Panel is determined to help countries jump-start their actions to solve the problems towards achievement of SDG6 and other targets related to water.
Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, Minister of State for the Environment, Peru:
Considering the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction during 2015, the High Level Panel on Water sets up an opportunity to include climate change within the water debate, and especially around the SDGs. Water should be central to climate and development debate.
DAR ES SALAAM, April, 2016 — A first-ever blended finance forum on financing irrigation development in Tanzania was recently held in Dar es Salaam. The forum marks the first step in developing financing solutions and to reach an agreement to develop an irrigation financing facility for Tanzania. The forum was a collaboration between the National Irrigation Commission, the Financial Sector Deepening Trust, and the Tanzania 2030 Water Resources Group partnership and focused on how to develop more efficient irrigation solutions.
The concept for the Facility, endorsed following a three day multi-stakeholder workshop in Dar es Salaam from March 30 to April 1, has the ambition to unlock $100 million dollars in new financing. The facility will achieve this by mobilizing finance for existing and developing water saving and irrigation projects with a goal to expand access to new efficient technologies for Tanzanian farmers.
The collaboration supports the new mandate of the National Irrigation Commission to strengthen private sector engagement in in irrigation through financing, equipment-supply, and co- investment. Head of the Commission, Eng. Seth Lusemwa, said: “Expanding irrigation is critical for Tanzania to achieve its agriculture and food security targets, but we must do so in a way that is both financially and environmentally sustainable.”
Mobilization of funds
The NIC realizes that there is a significant task ahead and progress will require partnerships with the private sector. Closing the irrigation gap, the difference between the potential for irrigation and the existing irrigation, is a significant challenge for Tanzania which currently only irrigates 1.6% of its potential. The NIC has a goal to increase area under irrigation in Tanzania from the current 460,000 hectares to 1,000,000 hectares over the next five years. This target alone is expected to cost a hefty 6.8 trillion shillings (USD $3 billion) and thus will require mobilization of funds across public and private partners.
Tanzania is endowed with irrigation potential area of 29.4 million hectares whereby 2.3 million hectares is of high potential, 4.8 million hectares is of medium potential and 22.3 million hectares is of low potential. Out of this potential area only 461,326 hectares equivalent to 1.6% of the area is under irrigation and contributes 24% of the national food requirement at present.
Innovative approaches critical
Securing financing for agriculture in Tanzania is however very difficult given the challenges in collateral, productivity, markets, and regulations. Securing financing through innovative approaches that are able to reduce the risks regularly associated with agriculture is critical to closing the financing gap for irrigation. According to Mwombeki Baregu, Head of Agriculture and Rural Finance at the Financial Sector Deepening Trust: “The importance of crowding in private finance to achieve our agricultural ambitions in Tanzania cannot be overstated. Public funds are a vital component, but ultimately a large share of the finance must come from private and commercial sources. This however will require more innovative ways of structuring and financing agriculture projects so that more funds can be mobilized from a wider spectrum of stakeholders. The effort to establish facilities is an important and innovative step in this direction.”
Participants at the workshop emphasized the need to develop irrigation in Tanzania in a way that maximizes not only limited public funds, but also the country’s limited fresh water resources. Onesmo Sigalla, country representative for the Tanzania 2030 Water Resources Group partnership, explains: “There is often a misconception that agricultural growth and sustainable water management are conflicting objectives. In fact, we can do a lot to improve both existing and new irrigation systems such that they increase agricultural productivity without negatively impacting, and in some cases even reducing, the amount of water that is extracted from the environment”. The Tanzania 2030 Water Resources Group is a partnership launched in 2014 to bring together the government, private sector and civil society to find solutions to the gap between water supply and water demand.
About the National Irrigation Commission
The National Irrigation Commission (NIC) is a semi-autonomous Government Department established under section 3 (1) of the National Irrigation Act No. 5 of 2013, under the Ministry responsible for irrigation. The Commission is mandated for coordination, promotional and regulatory functions in the development of the irrigation sector in the country. NIC in collaboration with various stakeholders, envisages to improve the traditional irrigation schemes and expand the area under irrigation from 461,326 Hectares up to 1,000,000 Hectares by 2020/21. Effective and efficient achievement of this target calls for more sustained investments and concerted efforts between various players (public and private) in the irrigation sector.
About the Financial Sector Deepening Trust
The Financial Sector Deepening Trust (FSDT) was incorporated in Tanzania on 1 July 2004 with an overall aim to develop a deeper financial system that can provide greater access to finance to more Tanzanians. FSDT mission is to generate sustainable improvements in the livelihoods of poor households through reduced vulnerability to shocks, increased incomes and employment achieved through providing greater access to financial services for more men, women and enterprises. FSDT vision is to achieve improved capacity and sustainability of the financial sector to meet the needs of MSMEs and poor men and women and to contribute to economic growth. To unlock greater access, volume, and quality of financial services to the agriculture sector and to rural economies in Tanzania, FSDT is addressing constraints to deeper financial sector engagement in the agriculture sector and tackling the issues contributing to high transaction costs for financial services in rural markets.
About the 2030 Water Resources Group
The Tanzania 2030 Water Resources Group Partnership is a unique public-private-civil society collaboration launched in 2014. The partnership facilitates open, trust-based dialogue processes to drive action on water resources development and reform, with the aim to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030. The partnership is supported by the 2030 Water Resources Group, which emerged in 2009 through a collaboration between the IFC, the World Economic Forum, multilateral and bilateral agencies (Swiss and Swedish Development Cooperation), private sector companies (Nestlé, PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, SABMiller), and other organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund.
ARUSHA, 11 April, 2016 — A major Water Stewardship Leadership Forum, held recently in Arusha, saw the launch of new initiatives to tackle the region’s spiraling water challenges. The multi-stakeholder Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform provides organisations from across the public sector, private sector and civil society with a mechanism to develop, coordinate and scale up solutions to tackle the growing water resource challenges in the Pangani River Basin. The landmark forum also included a masterclass for water leaders from across Africa. The 3-day regional event drew upon lessons generated by innovative work undertaken by Diageo and Serengeti Breweries Limited to implement the Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS) standard – which represents international best practice on water management – at their Moshi site.
The Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform was formally launched by the Minister of Water and Irrigation, Hon. Eng. Gerson Lwenge, together with Mr. Anders Berntell, Executive Director of the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG). The platform is designed to promote practical solutions in areas such as increasing the productivity of water use in agriculture, developing and scaling up partnerships for improved catchment management, and promoting the uptake of the AWS stewardship standards. Almost twenty organizations have already indicated their commitment to actively participate. Founding members include the Pangani Basin Water Board, Tanzania Horticulture Association (TAHA), 2030 WRG and the International Water Stewardship Programme (IWASP).
The partnership approach was endorsed by Hon. Eng. Lwenge during his address to launch the Forum. He observed: “I am particularly inspired that there is a deliberate effort to engage the private sector in managing water resources.” The Minister also remarked he was ‘passionate’ about the Platform’s collective action approach.
Coordinator of the initiative, Onesmo Sigalla, was equally supportive of setting a progressive agenda to maximize water stewardship’s contribution to sustainable development by joining businesses with government and civil society efforts. “The launch of this platform is critical to ensure that economic growth in the region is not constrained by water security issues, and to demonstrate the potential for the private sector to drive wider sustainable water stewardship,” said Mr. Sigalla.
The Leadership Forum highlighted specific water stewardship efforts in the region, including implementation of the AWS Standard by Serengeti Breweries, with support from Shahidi wa Maji, Water Witness International, and the Scottish Government. This work is helping the company to manage the water and climate risks facing their brewery and its supply chain.
The implementation of the new standard was used as a hands-on case study at a ‘Water Stewardship Masterclass’, an advanced training for practitioners, held during the event. Hawa Ladha, Sustainability and Responsibility Manager for Serengeti Breweries Limited, underlined the company’s commitment to the initiative and explained: “By being one of the first African companies to implement the AWS Standard we are making a strong, public commitment towards the need for better water management in the region.”
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The Leadership Forum and Masterclass have been convened by local NGO ShahidiwaMaji with support from Water Witness International, Serengeti Breweries Limited and parent company Diageo, the 2030 Water Resources Group, the International Water Stewardship Programme, WWF, and the Tanzanian Government and Ministry of Water and Irrigation.
About the Pangani River Basin
The Pangani River Basin is home to a large number of commercial agriculture producers (in particular coffee and sugar) and has the largest concentration of horticulture and floriculture producers in Tanzania – with over 30 companies in the region identified as exporting to European markets. The Pangani is also globally recognized for its forest and biodiversity resources which generates an estimated US$50 million alone in revenue each year for the Tanzanian economy. The river basin is already water stressed, and evidence suggests its resources will become increasingly constrained. Available water resources are currently less than 1,200 m3 per capita, compared to 2,300 m3 per capita for Tanzania as a whole.
ShahidiwaMaji is a Tanzanian NGO working to improve water security for the poor. It works with partners including Water Witness International to ensure that water resources are managed fairly and sustainably for current and future generations. They work at a local, national and global scale, driving improved water security through a multi-layered approach involving research; the development of innovative responses; collaborations with change makers and evidence based advocacy to produce change at scale. Shahidi and Water Witness have played a leading role in the development of water stewardship through its partnerships work with governments, donors, corporates, international NGOs, academic research centres and civil society organisations. www.waterwitness.org
About Water Stewardship and the Alliance for Water Stewardship standard
The AWS Standard is a globally-consistent framework that outlines the expectations of responsible private sector operators on water Stewardship is about taking care of something that we do not own. Stewardship approaches that focus on the management of public goods like forests, fisheries or, in our case, freshwater resources, are based on the premise that we are all accountable for the sustainable management of those resources and are, therefore, based on collective responses. Water stewardship is defined as: “The use of water that is socially equitable, environmentally sustainable and economically beneficial, achieved through a stakeholder-inclusive process that involves site and catchment-based actions. www.allianceforwaterstewardship.org
About the 2030 Water Resources Group
The 2030 Water Resources Group is a unique public-private-civil society collaboration. The Group facilitates open, trust-based dialogue processes to drive action on water resources reform in water stressed countries in developing economies. The ultimate aim of such reforms and actions is to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030. The 2030 WRG emerged in 2009 through a collaboration between the IFC, the World Economic Forum, multilateral and bilateral agencies (Swiss and Swedish Development Cooperation), private sector companies (Nestlé, PepsiCo, Coca-Cola, SABMiller), and other organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund.
More information: www.2030wrg.org / www.twitter.com/2030WRG #2030WRG
Alida Pham, 2030 Water Resources Group, Global Communications Lead
Email: email@example.com, direct: +1 202 473 3272, mobile: +1 202 603 2535
Scott McCready, Water Witness International, Chief Strategy Officer
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, mobile: +44 (0)779 0592009
New Delhi, 6 April, 2016 (ANI)- The Secretary of Ministry of Water Resources, Ganga Rejuvenation and River Development, Shashi Shekhar, today released a white paper on Urban Wastewater PPPs, prepared by the FICCI Water Mission and 2030 Water Resources Group.
He launched the white paper at the India Water Week 2016, in an interactive seminar, jointly organized by FICCI and the Ministry of Water Resources on “Model for Efficient Water Management at Local Level in Urban / Peri-Urban Areas.
Launching the paper, Shekhar remarked “what we have launched today is what we plan to do in Ganga.”
In his endorsement of the FICCI – 2030 Water Resources Group White Paper, the Secretary mentioned that it “provides useful industry perspectives on measures to improve the investment climate and enhance project viability and sustainability through wastewater reuse markets in the long run.”
Developed as a joint collaboration between the FICCI Water Mission and the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG), the Paper advocates for governments, both at the national and state levels, to focus on improvement in the quality of sewerage services in the country through Public-Private (Community) Partnerships (PP(C)P), over and above private sector participation as a means to bridge the investment gap.
The outcome of extensive stakeholder consultations with industry participants, water and wastewater utilities, government agencies and financiers, the Paper recommends a three level payment security mechanism which involves ring fencing of sewerage revenues at the local government/state utility level, followed by funding support from the state government through a separate State Sanitation Fund, and backstopped by a guarantee facility from the Government of India. It also suggests that the country needs to move to a regime where sewerage charges at least cover O&M expenses.
Naina Lal Kidwai, Chairman, FICCI Water Mission highlighted that “the White Paper aims to serve as a valuable resource for assessing current constraints faced by PPP projects and developing innovative ways of creating a conducive investment climate for private sector involvement in the sewerage sector.”
Co-chairing the session on “Model for Efficient Water Management at Local Level in Urban / Peri-Urban Areas, Pradeep Puri, Chairman, IL&FS Water Ltd. & Chairman, FICCI National Executive Committee on Urban Infrastructure and Smart Cities, remarked, “probably no other aspect of urban infrastructure is more mismanaged than water distribution where we compare very poorly with international benchmarks in terms of efficiency, per capita availability and water tarrifs.” (ANI)
This study on Urban Wastewater PPPs, prepared by FICCI Water Mission and the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG), with knowledge partner Powertec Engineering, aims to provide the industry perspective on issues affecting PPP projects in the urban wastewater sector and suggests measures to improve the investment climate for these projects and enhance reuse of treated wastewater. This study is the outcome of extensive stakeholder consultation with industry participants through formal interviews, consultative workshops and surveys supplemented by extensive desk research involving review of existing reports on the domestic sewerage sector as well as international and Indian PPP case studies of projects in this sector.
This article has also appeared in the Times of India.