Dhaka – Understanding water scarcity in the Bangladesh context is deeply related to the estimation of the value of water in a particular season, region and use. A comprehensive but flexible framework for Water Valuation for industry, agriculture, municipalities and environmental would be an important element of making approval decisions on Water Resource projects, water allocation among competing uses and establishing water trading markets (a market mechanism to allocate water to most productive uses). Sound methodologies to valuing water can provide decision support tools to policy makers, help harmonize practices at the factory and farm levels, provide a rational basis to resolve conflicts and to set incentives. As Bangladesh lacks such instruments, the 2030 WRG Bangladesh Water MSP decided to prioritize design and adoption of Water Valuation methodologies.
2030 WRG developed preliminary recommendations (Working Paper) to implement Water Valuation in Bangladesh under the Water Governance and Sustainability work-stream, chaired by the Senior Secretary of Ministry of Water Resources which was subsequently endorsed by the high-level National Steering Board (NSB) chaired by the Cabinet Secretary. The Working Paper included the principles and factors that need to be considered for adopting Water Valuation methodologies for the different sectors such as industry or agriculture and international best practices in this area. The NSB recommended further work to arrive at a set of methodologies for Water Valuation for Bangladesh.
Internationally, Water Valuation is also a priority and has been designated as a major topic at the High-Level Panel on Water (HLPW) along with Climate Change, Water Data and Water Use Efficiency. The HLPW was formed with the support of the UN and World Bank to accelerate a change in the way governments, societies, and the private sector use and manage water. The HLPW has created the roadmap and principles for applying Water Valuation, including for economies, ecosystems, communities, individuals, political environments (politicians/lawmakers), cultures, and religions. Going forward, the HLPW will finalize the recommendations through an inclusive, consultation-driven process and highly encourages country level initiatives which conforms with the framework developed internationally at the HLPW.
Dhaka Water Conference
In July 2017, the government of Bangladesh invited 2030 WRG to make presentations on its Water Valuation work at the Dhaka Water Conference (including a High-Level Panel for Water Sherpa side-event). The events brought together the relevant government representatives, experts and scientific community from 28 countries from around the world. 2030 WRG’s presentations on Water Valuation and the subsequent discussions were widely appreciated by the participants and seen as an example of implementing recommendations from the HLPW. Interesting synergies between the work done on the global level by the HLPW and 2030 WRG’s work on water valuation in Bangladesh have emerged, these will feed into the 2030 WRG process.
Going forward, 2030 WRG will develop a Project Proposal including detailed Water Valuation methodologies and implementation guidelines and support a series of sectoral and national workshops, from October to December 2017 to solicit feedback into the White Paper. Once, the Proposal is adopted by the National Steering Board, the government of Bangladesh will be able to take measures to implement the methodologies.
Tanzania, October 4 2017 – The Pangani Basin Water Board, the Tanzania Horticultural Association, and the 2030 Water Resources Group signed an MoU in October, showing commitment to the coordination and implementation of the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform (KWSP).
The role of the Kilimanjaro Water Stewardship Platform is to:
- Promote the uptake of water stewardship standards;
- Increase water use efficiency;
- Develop and scale-up collaboration for improved catchment management; and
- Strengthen catchment governance.
The agreement initiates the establishment of a dialog framework for all stakeholders involved. The framework was developed following the need to address the region’s water stresses in the Pangani Basin in north west Tanzania to improve water security for people and economic prosperity.establishment of the KWSP gives the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, the Pangani Basin Water Board and other key water stakeholders a mechanism to develop, coordinate and scale up interventions and solutions to tackle the growing water resource challenges in the Basin.
Hanoi, September 26, 2017 – An advisory group meeting was held in Hanoi to discuss the completed report conducted by ARUP and ISET called ‘Vietnam: Hydro-Economic Framework for Assessing Water Sector Challenges’. The meeting also helped identify future work streams for 2030 WRG’s engagement in Vietnam.
Building on multi-stakeholder engagement, the report analyzed the water sector challenges in Vietnam by assessing the water demand-supply gap and water stress of Vietnam’s four key river basins. It then performed a high-level cost curve analysis to recommend cost-effective solutions to address these challenges. Deep dives were undertaken for four solutions, which were identified by the analysis and from stakeholder consultations to have the largest potential to address Vietnam’s identified water resource challenges.
- Improved irrigation scheduling for coffee in the Central Highlands
- Alternate Wet and Dry (AWD) rice management practices in Mekong
- Wastewater treatment and reuse in Ho Chi Minh City
- Wastewater treatment from industrial clusters around Hanoi
Vietnam’s economic growth and social transformation over the past decades has been impressive and has lifted large portions of the society out of poverty. Striving for economic growth, however, has put pressure on sustainable resource use and environmental protection. In 2016, MONRE’s Minister Tran Hong Ha, stated that ‘along with the process of economic development, the environment has reached the threshold of tolerance’.
The river basins responsible for generating approximately 80% of Vietnam’s GDP, namely, the Red Thai Binh, Mekong, SERC and Dong Nai river basins, are expected to face water stress or even severe water stress in the dry season by 2030. For SERC river basin it is even expected that over 28% of water demand will not be met in the dry season by 2030. An increase in hydropower plants, while seen as essential for Vietnam’s economic development, is expected to increase water allocation conflicts and water stress between hydropower generation and other water uses during the dry season.
Further, over-exploitation of Vietnam’s unmonitored groundwater resources, is already resulting in declining groundwater levels and localized water shortages in the dry season, saline intrusion in Vietnam’s most productive agricultural areas and land subsidence in it’s most important cities, namely Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang. With only 10% of the municipal and industrial wastewater treated, Vietnam’s surface waters, especially around urban and industrial centers, face serious pollution issues, which worsens groundwater over-abstraction and poses serious public health issues. Climate change is expected to worsen Vietnam’s situation, with the recent El Nino event between 2014 and 2016, which caused the most severe drought Vietnam experienced in 90 years, providing a first impression for what Vietnam may has to prepare for.
To avoid crossing the ‘threshold of environmental tolerance’ and maintain sustainable socio-economic water security, immediate action is required.
Taking this very seriously, Members from the Government, Donors, Water User Associations, Research Institutions, NGOs, and Private Sector representatives engaged in an active and constructive discussion on the report findings as well as what actions are required for Vietnam. The discussions went beyond the deep dives presented in the study to include topics around incentives and regulatory reforms, river basin management, and policy incentives for private sector engagement.
It was agreed that an expansion of AWD for rice production has great potential and is of interest to Vietnam, however, guidance is required on how to do this. Further, coffee was identified as a priority crop for action, besides rice. The creation of incentives for sustainable water resource management was seen as crucial. For this, the participants saw potential in supporting the government in drafting decrees, circulars and decisions on guiding the implementation of the new irrigation law. Further, the potential of market-based instruments to create incentives was discussed. On wastewater treatment and reuse, guidance on drafting regulations and standards was seen as required to leverage the large scope of the currently unused and untreated wastewater. Focused and industry-specific assessments are required to implement industrial wastewater treatment – going beyond the policy and regulatory aspects. Support in developing the vision, mission and institutional arrangements of river basin councils was seen as critical and timely, as MONRE has just decided to aggregate all river basins to six overall units. Further, improvements in access to finance, e.g. PPP or green finance, were discussed to be relevant for water sector transformation.
A representative from Esquel, a textile high-end brand said industries would not only be interested in quantitative analysis but also qualitative assessment of water uses and their impacts. Within their own sub-sectors, private companies can initiate technical working groups and be ready to engage in multi-stakeholder platform. Communications and public awareness raising on effective water resources management are not to be neglected, a comment made by a participant from the Vietnam Water Supply Association.
The active stakeholder discussions will be continued to further define potential 2030 WRG work streams. Within the coming 3 months a broader national consultation workshop will be held in cooperation with the World Bank, which will present its upcoming and complementary report on Water Governance in Vietnam.
Mexico City, September 19 2017 – The Water Advisory Council (Consejo Consultivo del Agua) with the support of 2030 WRG convened a multi-stakeholder working group to endorse the launching of a Green Infrastructure Solutions in the Mexican Water Sector Initiative. The main objective of this initiative is to establish a multi-stakeholder dialogue platform to develop a common vision on how to strengthen the integration of water resources management and environmental policy; to evaluate the challenges and opportunities faced by green infrastructure solutions -as a mechanism to bridge the objectives of both policy sectors-; to establish synergies and enable collective action; to enable the implementation of green infrastructure solution projects and to contribute to policy reform.
Some of the members of this working group include: Conservation International (CI), Deutsche Gesellshaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the Geographic and Geomatic Research Centre of the UNAM, the Geology Institute of the UNAM, The Mexico City Water Fund, the Mexican Institute of Water Technology (IMTA), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), The World Resources Institute (WRI), the World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF), and the 100 Resilient Cities Initiative (Mexico City). It is expected for other private sector stakeholders to join the Initiative. Mr Eugenio Barrios, President of the Water and Environment Committee of the Water Advisory Council and Director for Policy and Development of WWF, heads the activities of the working group.
There are several activities foreseen to be undertaken in the context of the initiative, including the identification and socialization of best-practices -with focus on innovative institutional designs and financial mechanisms-; some institutional and policy analysis to assess the path for greater water and environmental policy integration and understand the viability of green infrastructure solutions in the Mexican water sector; the development of business cases and feasibility studies of prospective projects; and the production of a road map to mainstream green infrastructure solutions in the water sector.
Mexico City, September 18, 2017 – The Water Advisory Council (Consejo Consultivo del Agua), with the support of 2030 WRG, convened a multi-stakeholder working group to endorse the launching of Water Security Risk Integration in the Industrial Sector Initiative. The main objective of the Initiative is to support the private sector in findings new ways to adapt business operations to contexts with increasing water security challenges.
Some of the members of the working group include: Coca-Cola Company, Constellation Brands, Fundación FEMSA, Grupo Estrategica Política, Grupo Modelo (AbInBev), Heineken, the International Finance Corporation, Nestle, ASIM (Suez), Veolia, and TNC. It expected for other CCAs members and external stakeholders to gradually join the Initiative. Mr Edgar Guillamín, Vice-President of External Affairs of Constellation Brands and member of the CCA, heads the activities of this working group.
There are several activities foreseen to be undertaken in the context of the Initiative, including to enable a structured dialogue on the value of water security integration processes in the private sector; to identify and share water security integration methodologies and best-practices; to develop an ad-hoc methodology for the case of Mexico; to develop some water security scenarios in pre-selected regions of the country -with a concentration of industrial activities- to test the methodology in the context of 3 CCAs member companies; to socialize the methodology through workshops and documentation; and to support the mobilization of financial resources to enable the private sector companies to implement water security integration measures. A particular concern of the group is to assess the legal and policy context providing long-term certainty for the private industrial sector.
This year’s Stockholm World Water Week will be held from August 27, 2017 until September 1st, 2017.
Please join our activities, visit the booth and meet our delegation in Sweden at the upcoming Stockholm World Water Week 2017. See our events overview below.
UPCOMING EVENTS | World Water Week 2017 | Stockholm, Sweden
Sunday, 27 August
2030 WRG Country Initiatives: Blending Partnerships and Finance for Water Security
14:00-15:30 | Venue: FH Cabaret
Wednesday, 30 August
Water stewardship: Different ways but same objectives?
11:00-12:30 | Venue: NL 357
Thursday, August 31
Financing Wastewater Treatment and Resource Recovery
09:00-15:30 | Venue: NL Music Hall
Thursday, 31 August
Private Finance and Equitable Delivery of WASH Services
11:00-12:30 | Venue: FH 300
Please visit us at booth #9 at the expo: come find some interesting reports and meet some of our staff from all over the world.
2030 WRG Delegation in Stockholm this year
– Anders Berntell (Executive Director)
– Alida Pham (Global Comms Lead)
– Julia Cadaval Martins (Project Coordinator)
– Dianelva Montas (Program Assistant)
– Michel Leushuis (Senior Financial Expert)
– Bastiaan Mohrmann (Regional Co-Head Asia)
– Christoph Jakob (Regional Co-Head Asia)
– Rochi Khemka (Regional Coordinator)
– Aparna Arora (Communications Officer, Asia)
– Tanzeem Qayyum (Bangladesh Rep)
– Paban Chowdhury (Chairman, BEZA)
– Bulgan Tumendemberel (Director General of the Green Development Policy and Planning Department, Ministry of Environment, Green Development and Tourism of Mongolia)
– Odbayar Bazargochoo (Consultant at 2030 WRG)
– Cesar Fonseca (acting Regional Head LAC)
– Mercedes Castro (Chair, Peru 2030 WRG Partnership and Sherpa to the UN/World Bank High-Level Panel on Water)
– Joy Busolo (Kenya Country Rep)
– Teshome Beyene Berhe (Ethiopia Country Rep)
For questions about our representation in Stockholm at the World Water Week please contact Alida Pham (firstname.lastname@example.org).
On August 14, 2017, 2030 WRG signed an MOU with the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MOWR), Government of India, to collaborate on sustainable water resources management.
The MOU builds upon 2030 WRG’s catalytic support for participatory project preparation on the first pilot wastewater treatment PPP for Mathura-Vrindavan under the national Clean Ganga initiative. That project has been taken forward through a formal mandate for the IFC PPP transaction advisory team, along with PPPs in two other cities of Haridwar and Varanasi, contributing to the speedily implementation of landmark innovative solutions for Ganga rejuvenation through World Bank Group collaboration.
A second area of ongoing collaboration between 2030 WRG and MOWR is the development of a blueprint for water accounting in India, in collaboration with India-EU Water Partnership (IEWP). Under this initiative, two thematic tracks have been operationalized, namely:
- Water efficiency, through remote sensing-based water accounting techniques, in partnership with IHE-Delft and International Water Management Institute (IWMI);
- Ganga water quality, in tandem with National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and GIZ, supporting capacity building, and the establishment of the data architecture and dashboards for decision-making linked to urban and industrial wastewater.
A third task force on blended finance models for water security solutions is under development with OECD and IEWP, targeting an assessment of current utilization of public sector funds for water resources management and identifying opportunities for crowding in private sector funding.
In addition to the above areas of support, the MOU aims at strengthening water governance and catalyzing large-scale programmatic initiatives through multi-stakeholder approaches.
Mumbai, Wednesday, August 7, 2017: The Government of Maharashtra (GOM) and 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG), in a pioneering move launched the Maharashtra Water Resources ‘Multi-Stakeholder Platform’ (Maharashtra Water – MSP) in Mumbai today, to address critical water resources challenges in Maharashtra. The Maharashtra Water – MSP, chaired by the Chief Secretary GOM, Sumit Mullick, brings together key decision makers from the public sector, private sector and civil society to forge partnerships for sustainable and scalable solutions, empowered by 2030 WRG’s hydro-economic analysis.
Emphasising the importance of a multi-stakeholder partnership approach, Mullick stated that, “government can only solve the serious water problem with the active and enthusiastic participation of the private sector and civil society. We have an opportunity to work together, to ensure there is enough water for our farmers to grow their crops, for our industries to provide employment and for the rivers to continue flowing. If Maharashtra is to keep growing while maintaining social equity and environmental sustainability, we need to not only balance competing needs but also significantly improve the efficiency of our water use.”
Studies show that Maharashtra faces a high risk to climate change with longer dry spells, more frequent droughts and high-intensity rainfall. Already, farmers in rain-fed areas of Marathwada and Vidarbha are hard hit by recurrent droughts. However, a recent 2030 WRG’s hydro-economic analysis shows that Maharashtra can achieve 6% agricultural growth in rain-fed areas by shifting to higher value crops, and through better and more efficient water use and management.
Bastiaan Mohrmann, Co-Lead, Asia, 2030 WRG, revealed that under the leadership of the Department of Agriculture (GOM), 2030 WRG has convened key private sector and civil society representatives. The Maharashtra Water – MSP will be working together to develop a comprehensive program that improves the livelihoods of and strengthens the resilience of marginal and smallholder farmers in Maharashtra.
Mohrmann said, “We are developing a project proposal for USD 270 million in funding from the Green Climate Fund, a body which aims to scale up climate change adaptation in rain-fed agricultural areas to implemented across Marathwada and Vidarbha, and aligned with the World Bank-funded Project on Climate Resilient Agriculture (PoCRA), resulting in nearly USD 1 billion worth of investments towards drought-proofing Maharashtra rain-fed agriculture.”
Agriculture uses 80% of the freshwater in the state. Bijay Kumar (IAS), Principal Secretary, Agriculture and Horticulture, GOM, iterated the importance of devising strategies to grow agriculture while conserving water as much as possible. “We need to ensure farmers have access to water and that they use it efficiently. This requires models for best practice and technology acceleration, finance facilitation and collaborative approaches for implementation”.
The Maharashtra Water Resources Department is the nodal agency that convenes the MSP. As the Principle Secretary for Water Resources, I.S. Chahal (IAS) said, “The Government’s goal is to ensure that at least 1.2 of the 1.5 million hectares under sugar cultivation in the state uses drip irrigation technology by 2019. This saves up to 40% of the water while increasing productivity. However, so far, only 2.5 lakh hectares are covered and if we are to meet our goals we have to involve all relevant stakeholders including farmers, sugar mills, banks and government departments. The MSP can certainly be instrumental in accelerating such collaboration”.
The MSP can also tackle other sectoral issues in the future such as water use efficiency and treatment in the urban and industrial sectors. For example, elsewhere in India, MSPs with the help of 2030 WRG have been instrumental in setting up processes for the reuse of treated wastewater by industry, saving scarce freshwater for other uses. In other countries, MSPs have supported models for wastewater treatment to reduce the pollution of waterways and rivers.
Water is increasingly becoming a scarce commodity in Maharashtra, with about half the state facing a deficit of water supply. Multi-stakeholder partnerships such as the one launched today in Maharashtra support much-needed synergies to pool together the leadership, capacities, and resources of different stakeholders towards the common goal of water security and economic growth.
About 2030 Water Resources Group:
The 2030 Water Resources Group is a unique public-private-civil society collaboration. It facilitates open, trust-based dialogue processes to drive action on water resources reform in water-stressed countries in developing economies. The ultimate aim of such reforms and actions is to close the gap between water demand and supply by the year 2030. The 2030 WRG was launched in 2008 at the World Economic Forum and has been hosted by International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group, since 2012.
Sao Paulo, July 2017 – An agreement was signed with the São Paulo Secretariat of Water Resources and Sanitation, laying the foundation for a comprehensive program of joint action. Also since July 2017, a 2030 WRG Representative is based in Sao Paulo in order to set-up and lead the program.
Since then, the 2030 Water Resources Group has been developing intense activities in two large macro themes that have been chosen as significant to advance the water security goals in the State. These are: (1) the reuse of effluents from Domestic Sewage Treatment Stations and (2) the poor performance of sanitation services in small and medium-sized municipalities (of less than 300,000 inhabitants).
Four Working Groups are being established to foster dialogue and transparency in seeking good solutions for those issues. Three of these Working Groups are already well-established and a fourth one is being organized with the participation of key decision-makers and with very clearly defined objectives:
- The first Working Group supports the discussions on the environmental and sanitary regulation of reuse of effluents from Sewage Treatment Stations in the State of São Paulo. The aspect to be discussed initially refers to its use for sanitary equipment. The Working Group allows stakeholders to articulate, facilitate understanding with regulatory and control bodies, consolidate experiences and try to make regulation adaptable and replicable. At the same time, this working group should support companies to comply with recent regulations. As there are several initiatives to regulate this theme in São Paulo and Brazil in general, it is important to consolidate existing experiences and knowledge to support decisions at private and public sectors.
- The second Working Group has been established with Sabesp, the water utility company of São Paulo and largest public water utility in Latin America, and aims to study the viability of new production and commercialization units of effluents from sewage treatment stations. It might be possible today to overcome the challenges that has been addressed by different studies in the past, since the water stress of the region has become clearer, requiring expansion of measures to rationalize the use of water resources; the technologies became more affordable, and also the deindustrialization of the region that has led to a reduction of the industrial effluents received by the treatment station made the treatment cheaper.
- The third Working Group focuses on a topic that overlaps urban and water issues. It is supporting a discussion about the technical and financial feasibility of retrofitting storm water reservoirs, which will be supplemented with compact treatment stations.
- The fourth Working Group, involving the State Secretariat of Sanitation and Water Resources, discusses and seeks to characterize the dynamics that lead to the poor performance, in terms of water and sanitation, of some small and medium sized municipalities (less than 300 thousand inhabitants) in the State. It aims to support the State in its usual funding programs and to provide solid basis for further investments of different origins.
As these groups begin their work, 2030 WRG also continues to reach out to local stakeholders to present our activities and dynamics. The reception so far has been very good, and at each meeting we realize that our presence and performance can be significant to support changes towards greater security in the water sector.
Karnataka, July 15, 2017 – The Government of Karnataka signed Memoranda of Understanding with six private sector companies at a Ramthal DMAC workshop in Bengaluru jointly organized with 2030 WRG, with representatives from the Departments of Water Resources, Agriculture, Horticulture, Watershed Development and the private sector.
The private sector companies which signed the MoUs included:
- ADM AGRO INDUSTRIES DHARWAD PRIVATE LIMITED
- NEO FOODS PRIVATE LIMITED
- GLOBAL GREEN COMPANY LIMITED
- RSM HiTech Feeds
- KRISHI ORGANIC PRODUCTS PRIVATE LIMITED
- JAIN FARM FRESH FOODS LIMITED
Managing Director, Krishna Bhagya Jala Nigam Limited, Water Resources Department, Mr. Anjum Parwez, underscored the significance of the MoU, “The workshop is a significant step forward by Government of Karnataka and the private sector companies towards strengthening market linkages for the project areas covering Drip Irrigation, and to sustain the area as a world-class horticultural and agricultural center of international repute.”
He further added, “We are confident that the progressive step taken by the six private companies will encourage more private companies to come forward and partner with the Government of Karnataka to improve the agro-economics of farmers of the Ramthal project area, followed by other drip irrigation projects.”
Building upon the concept of the Ramthal project, the Government of Karnataka’s Agriculture, Horticulture and Water Resources Departments, in partnership with 2030WRG, is promoting the scaling of drip adoption through a corridor approach linked with market-based mechanisms for offtake, targeting up to 500,000 hectares of drip irrigated areas in North Karnataka, termed the Drip-to-Market Agro Corridor (DMAC). In addition to Ramthal, the corridor will cover projects such as Koppal, Singatalur, Poorigali, and Savanur. DMAC combines a dual focus on promotion of drip irrigation, along with partnerships with agribusiness companies, input providers, financial institutions, and technology companies, in order to:
- Provide channels for off-take of farm produce, thereby improving farmer livelihoods;
- Support market linkages focused on high-value and water-efficient agricultural and horticultural produce through retailers, exporters and processing units, justifying the original government investments into the projects;
- Benefit from economies of scale on the development of needed infrastructure for post-harvest management (e.g. agri-processing zones, poly houses, cold storage);
- Accelerate agricultural extension services for good agriculture practices, mechanization, finance facilitation and knowledge transfer.
The objective of the partnership is to optimize benefits to the farmers on the unique investments made by the Government of Karnataka, and to provide the private sector a stable and structured environment to establish a sustainable supply chain for high-value crops, with assured and efficient water supply. Potential support schemes from the government include Public-Private Partnerships for Integrated Agriculture Development (PPP-IAD) and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yogana (RKVY) programs, as well as office facilities and support services from the KBJNL (including a dedicated and outsourced Market Linkages PIU – Project Implementation Unit).
Secretary to the Government, Departments of Agriculture and Horticulture, Karnataka, Mr. Maheshwar Rao, highlighted the need for market linkages for agriculture, “Market linkages for agriculture-based projects ensure that the farmer has adequate avenues to sell agricultural produce, serving as an important part of the agriculture extension process. We thank 2030 WRG for their assistance in setting up these collaboration models for farmers, who will benefit from partnerships with private companies.”