Sao Paulo, July 2017 – An agreement was signed with the São Paulo Secretariat of Water Resources and Sanitation, laying the foundation for a comprehensive program of joint action. Also since July 2017, a 2030 WRG Representative is based in Sao Paulo in order to set-up and lead the program.
Since then, the 2030 Water Resources Group has been developing intense activities in two large macro themes that have been chosen as significant to advance the water security goals in the State. These are: (1) the reuse of effluents from Domestic Sewage Treatment Stations and (2) the poor performance of sanitation services in small and medium-sized municipalities (of less than 300,000 inhabitants).
Four Working Groups are being established to foster dialogue and transparency in seeking good solutions for those issues. Three of these Working Groups are already well-established and a fourth one is being organized with the participation of key decision-makers and with very clearly defined objectives:
- The first Working Group supports the discussions on the environmental and sanitary regulation of reuse of effluents from Sewage Treatment Stations in the State of São Paulo. The aspect to be discussed initially refers to its use for sanitary equipment. The Working Group allows stakeholders to articulate, facilitate understanding with regulatory and control bodies, consolidate experiences and try to make regulation adaptable and replicable. At the same time, this working group should support companies to comply with recent regulations. As there are several initiatives to regulate this theme in São Paulo and Brazil in general, it is important to consolidate existing experiences and knowledge to support decisions at private and public sectors.
- The second Working Group has been established with Sabesp, the water utility company of São Paulo and largest public water utility in Latin America, and aims to study the viability of new production and commercialization units of effluents from sewage treatment stations. It might be possible today to overcome the challenges that has been addressed by different studies in the past, since the water stress of the region has become clearer, requiring expansion of measures to rationalize the use of water resources; the technologies became more affordable, and also the deindustrialization of the region that has led to a reduction of the industrial effluents received by the treatment station made the treatment cheaper.
- The third Working Group focuses on a topic that overlaps urban and water issues. It is supporting a discussion about the technical and financial feasibility of retrofitting storm water reservoirs, which will be supplemented with compact treatment stations.
- The fourth Working Group, involving the State Secretariat of Sanitation and Water Resources, discusses and seeks to characterize the dynamics that lead to the poor performance, in terms of water and sanitation, of some small and medium sized municipalities (less than 300 thousand inhabitants) in the State. It aims to support the State in its usual funding programs and to provide solid basis for further investments of different origins.
As these groups begin their work, 2030 WRG also continues to reach out to local stakeholders to present our activities and dynamics. The reception so far has been very good, and at each meeting we realize that our presence and performance can be significant to support changes towards greater security in the water sector.
Karnataka, July 15, 2017 – The Government of Karnataka signed Memoranda of Understanding with six private sector companies at a Ramthal DMAC workshop in Bengaluru jointly organized with 2030 WRG, with representatives from the Departments of Water Resources, Agriculture, Horticulture, Watershed Development and the private sector.
The private sector companies which signed the MoUs included:
- ADM AGRO INDUSTRIES DHARWAD PRIVATE LIMITED
- NEO FOODS PRIVATE LIMITED
- GLOBAL GREEN COMPANY LIMITED
- RSM HiTech Feeds
- KRISHI ORGANIC PRODUCTS PRIVATE LIMITED
- JAIN FARM FRESH FOODS LIMITED
Managing Director, Krishna Bhagya Jala Nigam Limited, Water Resources Department, Mr. Anjum Parwez, underscored the significance of the MoU, “The workshop is a significant step forward by Government of Karnataka and the private sector companies towards strengthening market linkages for the project areas covering Drip Irrigation, and to sustain the area as a world-class horticultural and agricultural center of international repute.”
He further added, “We are confident that the progressive step taken by the six private companies will encourage more private companies to come forward and partner with the Government of Karnataka to improve the agro-economics of farmers of the Ramthal project area, followed by other drip irrigation projects.”
Building upon the concept of the Ramthal project, the Government of Karnataka’s Agriculture, Horticulture and Water Resources Departments, in partnership with 2030WRG, is promoting the scaling of drip adoption through a corridor approach linked with market-based mechanisms for offtake, targeting up to 500,000 hectares of drip irrigated areas in North Karnataka, termed the Drip-to-Market Agro Corridor (DMAC). In addition to Ramthal, the corridor will cover projects such as Koppal, Singatalur, Poorigali, and Savanur. DMAC combines a dual focus on promotion of drip irrigation, along with partnerships with agribusiness companies, input providers, financial institutions, and technology companies, in order to:
- Provide channels for off-take of farm produce, thereby improving farmer livelihoods;
- Support market linkages focused on high-value and water-efficient agricultural and horticultural produce through retailers, exporters and processing units, justifying the original government investments into the projects;
- Benefit from economies of scale on the development of needed infrastructure for post-harvest management (e.g. agri-processing zones, poly houses, cold storage);
- Accelerate agricultural extension services for good agriculture practices, mechanization, finance facilitation and knowledge transfer.
The objective of the partnership is to optimize benefits to the farmers on the unique investments made by the Government of Karnataka, and to provide the private sector a stable and structured environment to establish a sustainable supply chain for high-value crops, with assured and efficient water supply. Potential support schemes from the government include Public-Private Partnerships for Integrated Agriculture Development (PPP-IAD) and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yogana (RKVY) programs, as well as office facilities and support services from the KBJNL (including a dedicated and outsourced Market Linkages PIU – Project Implementation Unit).
Secretary to the Government, Departments of Agriculture and Horticulture, Karnataka, Mr. Maheshwar Rao, highlighted the need for market linkages for agriculture, “Market linkages for agriculture-based projects ensure that the farmer has adequate avenues to sell agricultural produce, serving as an important part of the agriculture extension process. We thank 2030 WRG for their assistance in setting up these collaboration models for farmers, who will benefit from partnerships with private companies.”
Washington, DC – The World Bank Water Global Practice has agreed to host the 2030 Water Resources Group program from January 1st, 2018 onward. The 2030 WRG Governing Council, together with the World Bank Water GP and the IFC, the current host organization since 2012, have made this strategic decision to accommodate opportunities for larger scale impact as the program is set to expand its operations.
At the World Bank Water GP the program will be anchored in the department with the greatest subject matter expertise and experience on water. 2030 WRG can leverage this knowledge base to innovate, leverage key relationships in the water space and become part of the overall architecture of those providing thought leadership and development solutions, including a closer connection with the High-Level Panel on Water.
The multi-stakeholder approach, fostered by 2030 WRG, offers a very valuable platform for the World Bank Group for dialogue with key private sector players around water policy issues in countries. 2030 WRG’s work with governments at the country level, mainly related to a reform agenda, is aligned with the mandate of the World Bank Water Global Practice. It can leverage these multi-stakeholder platforms to help governments move forward important reform opportunities. In addition, the membership of 2030 WRG’s Governing Council and Steering Board offers a unique and powerful platform from which to discuss and mobilize influence at the global level as well as gain traction through the country programs.
IFC will support the delivery of ongoing programs and will facilitate the transition to the World Bank Water Global Practice in the coming period. IFC remains a committed partner to 2030 WRG, especially helping the private sector engage in strategic dialogues related to water resources management. Going forward, IFC will continue to provide funding for the next three-year cycle and has appointed representatives who serve on the Governing Council and Steering Board.
Vietnam is a country that faces diverse water-related challenges whilst experiencing strong economic growth. To respond to these challenges, a partnership facilitated by the 2030 WRG between the Government of Vietnam, the private sector and civil society is currently being explored, to identify and align joint initiatives to work towards sustainable water resources management.
2030 WRG has initiated a high-level analysis of the water sector in Vietnam with ARUP as technical partner, focused on estimating the water demand-supply gap, assessing ongoing initiatives, and identifying potential cost-effective and technically feasible solutions to close the gap. A multi-stakeholder advisory board was established to guide the analysis. On the basis of the analysis and stakeholder inputs, select deep dives were conducted to provide insight into ‘high impact’ areas for a potential future work plan in Vietnam.
- Alternate Wet and Dry (AWD) Rice Management Practice:
Rice is the dominant crop grown in Vietnam and accounts for 58% of the total irrigated area. Water efficiency measures in rice production can have a great impact on reducing agricultural water demand. AWD has the potential to reduce demand by 30% and is endorsed by the Government of Vietnam as a technical innovation. The Government of Vietnam aims to apply AWD in 1 million ha of paddy rice by 2020. AWD also results in yield increases which could present a business case for farmers.
- Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC):
HCMC is the economic hub of Vietnam with an estimated gross domestic product (GDP) of $43.7 bn. HCMC is projected to be ‘water stressed’ by 2030. Currently only 10% of HCMC’s municipal wastewater being treated. The government plans to increase the treatment capacity to 100% by 2030. It is estimated that HCMC’s estimated non-potable water demand can be met with wastewater treated to appropriate standards.
- Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reuse around Hanoi (Nhue-Day Basin):
Despite legislative requirements, most facilities do not have wastewater treatment plants. As per the Analysis, it is suggested to explore opportunities to improve the legal framework and create incentives for sustainable water resources management. Opportunities can also be explored with infrastructure development companies around financing arrangements and commercialization of Centralized Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) and industrial water reuse systems.
- Water Efficiency for Coffee Production in the Central Highlands:
Excessive groundwater abstraction for coffee production causes groundwater depletion and water shortages. Applying precision irrigation, could result in significant reduction in water demand, while potentially increasing yields and reducing input costs.
The deep dives provide an improved understanding of the impact, cost and barriers of implementation of analyzed measures. They also provide an indicative roadmap on implementation and relevant stakeholders.
The analysis for a sample basin is shown in the box below:
Dong Nai River Basin has about 4% if the nation’s water and produces 28% of GDD. It is home to Ho Chi Minh City and well developed industrial complexes.
Dong Nai River Basin will be “water stressed” by dry season in 2030 and a total water demand reduction of 1.8 billion m3/year will be required to move to a “low water stress” state. A set of water reduction measures are assessed in a cost curve below aiming to close the water demand and supply gap and to move the basin to less water stressed state by 2030. Besides the cost-effective agriculture measures, municipal and industrial water treatment and reuse intervention should be part of the solution basket (linked to the deep dive of the Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Reuse in Ho Chi Minh City). Total cost for basin wide approach could mount up to 650 million dollars.
Caption: SERC River Basin – cost curve of solutions to close the dry season water gap and reduce water stress to ‘low water stress’ in 2030
Johannesburg, South Africa – A pioneering Mine Water Coordinating Body (MWCB) has been established as an outcome of collaboration under the Strategic Water Partners Network (SWPN), the South Africa partnership of the 2030 WRG. The MWCB, active since early 2017, brings together the mining industry and government to find solutions to the complex regulatory, institutional and financial barriers to improved mine water treatment and reuse, with an initial focus on the Mpumalanga Coalfields.
To date, the MWCB has attracted Anglo, Eskom, Exxaro, Glencore, Sasol and South 32 as private sector partners and is working closely with the Department of Sanitation (DWS) and the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) who are key government bodies governing the mining sector. The MWCB is also engaging with other government departments to attract additional public sector support for their projects and initiatives. Effective regional management is important in addressing the long-term impacts of mine affected water, including acid rock drainage, acid mine drainage and saline drainage.
The MWCB has a number of projects in the pipeline, including the Mine Water for Irrigation Project, The Green Engine, Arnot Regional Water Scheme and the Regional Post-closure Economic Study for the Coalfields.
The Mine Water for Irrigation project is a research study to investigate the use of saline water that meets agricultural quality standards in irrigating saline resistance crops such as wheat and soya. The study will extend over a total of 60Ha of both rehabilitated pits and nearby unmined land. The study will take place over 5 years to assess the longer term impact of irrigation on the local groundwater quality.
The Green Engine is an exciting project that, if successful, will change the way we view mine closure. It is aimed at demonstrating the viability of an integrated land stewardship model where mine owned land, renewable energy and treated mined water will work together in an integrated system to develop various business opportunities that will benefit local communities.
The Arnot Regional Water Scheme is a project that will explore the opportunity the develop a regional water treatment plant in the Arnot area to treat excess mine water from several mining operations and identifying economically viable uses for the treated water.
Regional Post-closure Economic Study for the Coalfields
Before regional closure can be successfully planned and implemented it is important to first understand what the potential economic opportunities for the region are, in particular, what new industries can be introduced post mine closure.
This study will investigate these opportunities, research implementing partners as well as ensure that government planning at national, provincial and local levels is integrated in the closure planning process. The study will identify sustainable projects which will in turn guide mining organizations with their rehabilitation and water management planning.
For more information on the MWCB and its activities in South Africa, please contact
Mine Water Coordinating Body (MWCB)
2030 WRG in collaboration with the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MOWR) and India-EU Water Partnership, is supporting the development of a blueprint for water accounting in India.
This blueprint builds upon international experiences, with the overall objective to:
- Provide an architecture for appropriate policy decisions at the national and state-level, towards sustainable, equitable, and economics-driven water use;
- Develop indicators and data-sets to analyze trends in water consumption, availability, efficiency, cost recovery, economic productivity, and quality for appropriate demand-side management at scale;
- Support the prioritization of investments aimed at enhancing water efficiency/ quality improvements and mitigating negative impacts on the environment.
As with many other countries in the world, India has been facing a severe deterioration of services associated with freshwater ecosystems, mainly due to pollution and over-abstraction. At the same time, water-related extreme events like floods and droughts significantly hit the society and economy. Such problems are aggravated by gaps in policy, governance systems, infrastructure and technologies, and their effects are more relevant than in other countries due to the large number of poor, and a high dependency on water. The global trends – including climate change, population increases and rising demands for food and energy – make water management more difficult and conflictive.
Water balance approaches
This is the context for the challenging task to design a blueprint for improved water resources management and a water indicator system in India. To make water use sustainable and to manage demand, the immediate and most urgent need is to undertake scientific water resources assessment and planning. In this pursuit, water accounting plays an important role. The outputs of such water balance approaches can be utilized by policy makers to make decisions on water allocation, by aligning information from different institutions, in order to analyse trends and accelerate demand-side water management solutions.
With the aim of developing such a blueprint, 2030 WRG has been facilitating a multi-stakeholder consultative process in order to identify needed priority interventions and mobilize stakeholder interest towards using such a framework for better water management practices. Four stakeholder workshops have been conducted in 2017 as a part of this initiative.
During these workshops, two task forces on water quality and water efficiency have been operationalized, with participation across stakeholder groups.
With respect to water quality, the immediate priority for indicator and dashboard development is the Ganga Basin, aligned with the National Mission for the Clean Ganga initiative and the Smart Cities program, aimed at targeting areas with the maximum untreated wastewater. Based on the dashboards developed, priority actions will be initiated as a next step, including private sector and industry participation for wastewater treatment.
Water quality monitoring requires the identification of critical parameters, strategic locations for monitoring sites, standardized protocols for laboratory measurements, appropriate frequency of data collection, and a focus on flows in addition to water quality, for an integrated approach to pollution loads and biodiversity considerations.
Decision making toolkits
Under the water efficiency task force, the focus is on developing toolkits for decision-making on water efficiency and productivity at a river basin scale, including the use of remote sensing technology. This track focuses on building institutional capacity within central- and state-level institutions, academic institutions, civil society, and enabling organizations to drive water efficiency and productivity improvements among strategic basins, including the pilot basins of Tapi and Cauvery. The Tapi Basin engagement will align with 2030 WRG’s recently launched Maharashtra Multi-Stakeholder Platform to drive stakeholder-based approaches to water accounting. Such approaches will accelerate private sector and civil society involvement for efficiency in agricultural, urban and industrial settings.
A ‘Project Management Unit’ has been established within Central Water Commission to coordinate water accounting activities and roll-out this approach in the country.
On July 6, 2017, the Mongolian Minister of Environment and Tourism conferred an Honorary Government Diploma to Christoph Jakob, 2030 WRG Regional Co-Head Asia.
The certificate was presented by the State Secretary Ts. Tsengel early July in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, for the recognition and strong appreciation of the ongoing work in the country.
On July 3, 2017, the 2030 WRG organized the second meeting of the Demand Management and Reuse working group in São Paulo and it was an opportunity to deepen the debate about reuse in Brazil and São Paulo. The meeting had the format of a roundtable in which presenters discussed studies developed by the University of São Paulo (USP), the Brazilian National Water Agency (ANA), the National Confederation of Industries (CNI) and the Ministry of Cities.
After the presentations, participants of the working group had the opportunity to ask questions and to start identifying the main issues that need to be explored by the São Paulo multi-stakeholder platform.
Stela Goldenstein joined the 2030 Water Resources Group team as Representative for its program in São Paulo, Brazil. She has assumed her duties as of July 1st, 2017.
Stela is a geographer and brings an extensive experience from working with the public sector in Brazil, at the federal, state and municipal levels focusing on environmental, water resources, housing, and urban planning and development policies. She was part of the development of the Environment Council and the Environment Secretariat of the State of São Paulo. In the Environment Secretariat, she was Coordinator of Environmental Planning; Sub-Secretary and Secretary of Environment of the State of São Paulo. She was also Municipal Secretary of Environment of the City of São Paulo. She coordinated, representing the environmental sector, the definition of the environmental legislation of water resources and the implementation of the Hydrographic Basin Committees in the State of São Paulo.
Before joining the 2030 WRG, Stela was the executive director of the NGO Águas Claras do Rio Pinheiros. She is a council member of other associations and has also worked with the private sector as an environmental management consultant.
To learn more about the São Paulo program, please read our post about the first meetings of the São Paulo Working Groups.
For more information and to participate, contact Stela Goldenstein (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Julia Cadaval Martins (email@example.com).
São Paulo, 03 July 2017 – The São Paulo State Secretariat of Sanitation and Water Resources and the 2030 Water Resources Group (2030 WRG) signed a memorandum of understanding on July 3rd, 2017, to design and implement various initiatives that will promote water security in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.
The MoU was signed by Benedito Braga, São Paulo State Secretary of Sanitation and Water Resources and President of the World Water Council, Monica Porto, Deputy Secretary of Sanitation and Water Resources, and Anders Berntell, Executive Director of the 2030 WRG.
After the unprecedented drought that affected the state of São Paulo in 2014-2015, the 2030 WRG had been invited to investigate whether the development of multi-stakeholder platforms in São Paulo could strengthen solutions to the local water challenges. Following several interviews, meetings and workshops, 3 potential areas of work have been identified: (1) Water demand management, including water reuse and recycling; (2) Sustainable financing of water infrastructure; and (3) Economic/insurance support for water security, to manage risks.
With the signing of the MoU, the 2030 WRG and the São Paulo State Secretariat of Sanitation and Water Resources will join efforts in the development of a multi-stakeholder platform in the state of São Paulo.