Kenya – Profile

The challenge

Kenya represents a paradox: both water rich and water poor.  Home to some of the great “water towers” of East Africa, yet 90 percent of the country is either arid or semi-arid, resulting in annual renewable freshwater supply of only 650 m3 per capita, well below the threshold for “chronic water scarcity”. Rainfall patterns are highly variable both annually and across seasons, a challenge that could be further exacerbated by climate change. Based on current water demand and future national development plans, it is estimated that Kenya could face a 31 percent gap between water demand and practically available water supply by 2030. Sustainably developing and managing water resources is therefore recognized as a critical challenge by the government, including in its Vision 2030; by development partners and civil society; and by the country’s vibrant private sector, especially those in leading water dependent sectors such as horticulture, food and beverages, tourism, and the growing oil and mining sectors.

Our role

With strong support for the partnership established, the priorities for the next six months include: establishing a full secretariat for the partnership in Nairobi; officially launching the partnership and holding the first governing board; and agreeing a list of priority initiatives for the partnership through the convening of targeted working group meetings.

Kenya 2030 WRG Partnership Film

We are excited to show you our new Kenya 2030 WRG Partnership film. Learn more about the water resources challenges, our activities, and the partners we work with. Collectively, we are committed to building strong partnerships for Kenya’s future water security.


Water Resources in Kenya: Closing the Gap

Briefing Note: Water Resources in Kenya: Closing the Gap

At the invitation of the Government of Kenya, the 2030 Water Resources Group has undertaken a preliminary analysis of water resource dynamics for the Kenyan economy. Through the analysis, the 2030 WRG aims to foster stronger dialogue and collaboration among all stakeholders groups and water-using sectors (industry, agriculture, energy). Drawing from a wide range of published sources, as well as from interviews with over 50 stakeholders drawn from government, private sector, finance, and civil society, this Briefing Note summarizes the findings of the analysis, highlights pragmatic opportunities to close the potential water gap, and outlines plans for a Kenya 2030 WRG partnership to help realize these opportunities.

Read or download Kenya Hydro Economic Analysis Briefing Note »