2030 WRG’s initial analysis workshops and discussions raised awareness of water issues, increased the desire to collaborate, and set a path for action. In October 2013, 2030 WRG initiated a “Targeted Analysis on Water Resources Issues in Mongolia” (covering both Ulaanbaatar city and South Gobi regions) which was jointly undertaken by a team of experts from PwC and Deltares.
Key findings and recommendation were:
- Set up a Multi-stakeholder Partnership to allow for integrative consultation processes;
- Improve the databases and scientific understanding of water resources to enable sound fact-based decision making;
- Develop water economics and methodologies for the valuation of water resources to set the right incentives for sustainable water management;
- Undertake hydro-economic analyses to Identify cost-effective solutions to close the water-supply-demand gap.
- Build capacity in the water sector to enable the implementation of the above mentioned recommendations.
Based on the findings of the Targeted Analysis on Water Resources Management Issues in Mongolia, 2030 WRG and MEGD decided to build up a Multistakeholder Platform with three components:
The 2030 WRG Mongolia Steering Board (responsible for steering the partnership);
The Secretariat, (responsibility over the day-to-day operations of the Partnership);
Work streams that focus on concrete tasks that have been identified and decided by the steering board.
Work Stream 1: Water Demand Reduction & Water Supply Augmentation: Identifying cost-effective solutions via hydro-economic analyses.
A consortium of PWC – AMEC and Ground Water solution was hired and is undertaking HEA, on three regions a) Nyalga Shivee Ovoo Brown Coal region b) Tavan Tolgoi (mining) c) Ulanbaator. The results for the two first regions will be presented at a Work Shop in September. Goal is to recommend concrete projects – programs to be implemented.
Work Stream 2: Creating the right incentives for sustainable water resource management: Developing Water Economics and Valuation of Water Resources.
A team of International and local experts is working closely with work stream members on the analysis on water valuation techniques and incentive mechanisms (including pricing and non-pricing mechanisms). The goal of the working group is to a) present an updated pricing methodology to the cabinet in October 2015 and b) work on incentive mechanics to be presented in a later stage.
Work Stream 3: Collaboration among stakeholders: building capacity in the water sector among all stakeholders
- Development of integrated data base – GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) is in the process of developing an integrated data base (based at the ministry of green development).
- Close collaboration on setting up the Tuul River basin counsel (binging in multi stakeholder perspective.
- IFC Mining roundtable are setting up capacity training modules on the technical and social issues around mining and groundwater management.
The outcomes of the 3rd work stream are not the core business of 2030 WRG, but the secretariat is coordinating and supporting these activities, as decided by the 2030 WRG Mongolia Steering Board).
2030 WRG is working with key stakeholder groups to deliver concrete results within these three working groups. For work stream 1 this means at least two concrete projects (will be decided after presentation of HEA in October 2015). For work stream 2 an updated pricing methodology is being developed and should be presented to the cabinet in October (work on incentive will be presented later). For work stream 3 the development of an integrated database, capacity building as well as collaboration setting up Tuul river basin council is ongoing.