Peru – Profile

The challenge

Peru is a country abundant in water, at least in terms of available freshwater per capita. Yet, it is currently suffering water stress and scarcity because most of its industry and 70% of its population lives in arid regions on Peru’s Pacific coast, while much of the bountiful supply of freshwater is located in the sparsely populated Amazon basin. In addition to the geographic discrepancy, acute water shortages in Peru are expected to worsen because the tropical glaciers in the Andean region are quickly retreating due to climate change. Furthermore, rapid urbanization in Lima, sustained economic growth and increasing per capita water use are placing severe pressure on water resources. Finally, pollution from untreated domestic discharges, unregulated mining operations and other sources have jeopardized the water quality; as a result 60% of the country’s water resources are reportedly ‘unusable’.

Our role

With the aid of a commissioned analytic study mapping best practice water use solutions in Peru, the 2030 WRG provides practical information to help private sector companies, public entities and civil society take an active role in water resource management projects. For the government in particular, this analysis and process helps build up actors, champions and potential partners who will subsequently play an active role in implementing these best practices. In addition to providing analytics, the 2030 WRG convenes workshops and holds bilateral meetings to develop synergies between key stakeholders in the water resource management sphere. Encouraged by the demand from those interactions, we will help establish a multi-stakeholder platform in Peru in 2014.


Publications

Peru_Hydro Economic Analysis Cover

Prioritizing investments in Peru, a hydro-economical analysis

The “Hydro-Economical Analysis and Prioritization of Water Resource Initiatives in Peru” describes the processes and outcomes of a review of water resource development interventions, the application of a hydro-economic tool, and a review of political, social and environmental impacts. The report identifies a list of prioritized investments in each of six coastal basins, and the three catchments close to the capital Lima. The analysis aggregates various datasets and delivers key messages to Peruvian private sector companies, the public sector and civil society organizations. The analysis provides key information for each sector to take an active role in projects that improve water resources management in Peru and help close any potential gap between projected water demand and sustainable supply for Peru.

Peru full report (Spanish) »
Peru full report (English) »
Peru Informe Final Resumen Ejecutivo (Spanish) »