Bangladesh – Profile

The challenge

Located downstream of three large basins, the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Meghna, Bangladesh faces immense challenges in the water sector due to population increase, land use changes, upstream withdrawal of water by India, economic development and climate change. Surface water pollution, seasonal variability of surface water, and the largely flat geography of the country have resulted in a major dependence on groundwater resources. However, the groundwater table is going down by 2 to 3 meters every year in some parts of the country. This poses a threat to sustainability and reliability of groundwater use. The country’s growth forecast predicts doubling of domestic demand by 2030, a 200 percent increase in industrial water demand, and over 46 percent increase in irrigation water demand. It is apparent that the demand for water will exceed available groundwater resources, the main source of water supply, by 40 percent in the dry seasons in a business-as-usual scenario by 2030.

Our role

2030 WRG is working with key stakeholders in the government, private sector and civil society in Bangladesh to establish and mainstream the Water MSP. Through the MSP and the engagement with the BDP 2100, the 2030 WRG Bangladesh program aims to catalyze transformative projects in industrial, municipal and agricultural sectors to reduce the demand-supply gap through demand-side efficiency measures, improve surface water quality through wastewater treatment and promote integrated water resources management to arrive at optimal solutions at the regional and national levels.